Yeast Infection (Vaginal): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

These can be treated with anti-yeast powders. If you instead choose to self-treat with an over-the-counter antifungal product, be sure to see your doctor if your symptoms continue, if you develop other symptoms, if you have a risk of an STI, or if you are not sure whether you have a yeast infection. Or instead, you may try putting a cool, damp cloth on the area. About 90 percent of the patients I see (people who are sick, have autoimmunity disorders, leaky gut, etc.) It seems that the higher levels of estrogen in pregnancy cause the vagina to produce more glycogen (sugar), which feeds the yeast. Vaginal yeast infections are not sexually transmitted. Infants and children can also get yeast infections.

  • Have unusual vaginal itching.
  • What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
  • Keep your vaginal area clean.
  • — you might want to think again.
  • Are having a recurrent infection.
  • It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin.
  • This ensures that your symptoms are definitely related to Candida overgrowth and not another more serious condition.

2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. Your healthcare provider will consider your age, overall health, how widespread the infection is and other factors to determine your treatment. If you use a cream, then you should not use tampons during the treatment since it will absorb the medication and make it less effective. Some STIs can cause irritation and present with an itchy discharge and a slight odor. Healthcare providers usually diagnose vaginal candidiasis by taking a small sample of vaginal discharge to be examined under a microscope in the medical office or sent to a laboratory for a fungal culture. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. What drugs interact with diflucan?,  Metronidazole is used to treat anaerobic bacterial infections or protozoal infections. Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high.

Yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance, which allows the yeast to overgrow causing an uncomfortable, but not serious, a condition called a yeast infection. Tests like Monistat's Vaginal Health Test are sold over the counter, and they check your vaginal pH to help you distinguish whether something's a yeast or bacterial infection. In men, it affects the head of the penis. Some sexually transmitted diseases also exhibit similar symptoms to a yeast infection. Less commonly, it may appear as red irritated areas inside the mouth. Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Can I give it to anyone else? Using perfumed feminine products and laundry detergent can case them.

One of the most common symptoms is intense itchiness in both the vaginal opening and the vulva, so feeling like you constantly have to scratch is a solid indicator that something isn't right, Mason says. It may take 10-14 days to find relief or completely clear up the infection while you are pregnant. Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it's important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. How is a yeast infection diagnosed?

Wearing cotton underwear can help prevent a vaginal or genital yeast infection.

What Increases Your Risk

Yeast infections are not considered to be sexually transmitted—someone can get a yeast infection without ever having had sex— but frequent and recent penis-in-vagina or oral-vulva sex may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection (5). A The best way to treat Candida is with a three-step approach: Some of the medicines used to treat yeast infections are available without a prescription, but you shouldn't just buy one if you think you have a yeast infection. Also called yeast infection or moniliasis, a type of vaginitis caused by the overgrowth of a fungus. Vagi nal yeast infections : Sometimes the number of candida increases. If, after diagnosis, your infection doesn't get better with treatment or comes back several more times within a year (a condition called recurrent or chronic yeast infection), your doctor may order a culture test of your yeast. Just as some bacteria are becoming resistant to certain antibiotics, yeast that normally lives in the vagina can become resistant to antifungal medication.

  • In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime.
  • The smartest course is to use non-prescription medication only if you are familiar with yeast infection symptoms from previous attacks.
  • However, a vaginal discharge that has an offensive odor with irritation is not normal.
  • If more than the normal amount of yeast grows in the sample over a short period of time (a few days), then your symptoms are likely caused by a yeast infection.
  • That, plus the fact that getting it on, may delay the amount of time it takes you to heal (sex can cause the medical cream you're using to pull a disappearing act), so you may want to wait until you've been treating your infection for a few days before engaging in anything hot and heavy.

Home Treatment

Itching of the vulva is the most common symptom of a vaginal yeast infection. Further reading, thrush in the breastfeeding dyad:. Try MONISTAT®, the #1 OTC antifungal. Other anti-yeast vaginal creams need a prescription. If you stop taking it too soon, the infection could come back. Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work. It is not easy to control and often comes back in uncircumcised males.


This double action reduces the itching and burning and restores a healthy balance of yeast and bacteria. The chart below shows the most common symptoms of a yeast infection. This means they get more than 4 vaginal yeast infections in a year. But yeast in the vagina can sometimes "overgrow" and lead to symptoms of a yeast infection. Please read our privacy practices.

You might think using scented soaps, douching, and washing your laundry — delicates, in particular — is good for your nether regions, but that's not the case, says the Cleveland Clinic. How can a yeast infection occur under my denture? Who to see Health professionals who can diagnose and treat a vaginal yeast infection include: It's easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. Compiled using information from the following sources:

A It’s really hard to get rid of Candida without adjusting your diet—even if you’re on an anti-fungal prescription, you need to take away the foods that are contributing to the overgrowth.

Possible Complications

Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used. A non-prescription alternative to antifungal creams, it can cause more irritation or cuts in your skin, which can spread germs and lead to more infection. They're not chronic. Boric acid suppositories can sometimes cause side effects, including vaginal burning and discharge. Just because you don't have symptoms doesn't mean you don't have an infection. Certain groups, such people with compromised immune systems, babies and the elderly, are more likely to develop the condition, but even then, the rates are very low, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


Actually, yes. It is found in small numbers in the normal vagina. Complicated thrush is four or more episodes of thrush in a year or when severe symptoms of vulvovaginal inflammation are experienced.

What Is A Yeast Infection?

Candida is a fungus that normally lives on the skin. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Is there anything else I can do to prevent yeast infections? Your vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. The discharge may have a fishy odor.

The views expressed in this article intend to highlight alternative studies and induce conversation. If there are an abnormally large number of Candida microbes and white blood cells (which indicate your body is fighting an infection), you have a yeast infection. Trying to treat another non-yeast-related condition with antifungals will not only be ineffective. If you experience white to yellow discharge in the week before your period, this isn’t automatically a yeast infection. You’ll want to see your doctor if you’re pregnant and suspect a yeast infection so that you can get the right diagnosis. And, since the tissue in your vagina and labia becomes irritated and sore from a yeast infection, it can make sex and peeing painful, too.

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Prescription Treatments

If your doctor determines that an infection is present, treatment can be pretty straightforward. She stresses that not all vaginal itching or discharge is a sure sign of a yeast infection, and you should visit your doctor to make sure it's not a reaction to a product you're sensitive to or even an STD. You may be able to tell the condition is more than just a diaper rash if your baby’s skin is extremely red and has spots in the diaper/groin area, despite using diaper rash cream. Tampons can absorb the medicine. Yeast infections are caused from an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Yeast infection in the food pipe (esophagus).

It generally causes your vagina and vulva (the tissues at the opening of the vagina) to itch. Only 7-day topical yeast infection treatments are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the treatment of yeast infections in pregnant and diabetic women (consult your healthcare professional). Antibiotics can kill too much "good" bacteria and result in too much yeast growing in the vagina, sometimes causing symptoms of a yeast infection. Nurse practitioners. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis. How to tell a yeast infection has gone Once the symptoms resolve, the yeast infection should be gone.

Differential Diagnosis

Lopez JEM (2020). If your post-workout routine involves collapsing on the couch — because, hello, you just killed that spin class, so you can be lazy forever, right? The yeast can then overgrow. When the fungus overgrows in the vagina, a yeast infection develops. Department of Health and Human Services, making this a pretty common issue women grapple with. Talk to your health care provider about whether you should use a polyurethane condom or not have sex. While there is no proof that diet alters susceptibility to vaginitis, abnormal carbohydrate metabolism (as in diabetes) can increase the sugar content of vaginal secretions. Effective ways to treat a yeast infection, this same fungus often causes diaper rash. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection.

Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. How this works. Luckily, most can be cured or controlled with clean habits and OTC (over-the-counter) drugs. We will also provide you with personalised ads on partner products.

Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply.

Thrush is candidiasis inside the mouth. If you have to take antibiotics and are getting lots of yeast infections, talk to your health care provider about using an anti-yeast cream or pill. What is hiv?, using corticosteroids, such as prednisone. Itching and redness of the vulva can also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. There may also be no discharge with a yeast infection or a discharge that is thin and watery. It’s also possible to transmit the infection via sex toys and by kissing someone with oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels — such as pregnant women or women taking high-dose estrogen birth control pills or estrogen hormone therapy. Should I see my doctor every time I have a yeast infection?

Diagnosis & Testing

There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores. This is the only vinegar I recommend consuming while you’re treating a Candida overgrowth—its enzymes may help break down Candida. Subscribe to {title} newsletter, syndrome autoimmune polyendocrinopathy:. Wearing a wet swimsuit for many hours may keep your genital area warm and moist.

Quick View

The medicine(s) that is prescribed for yeast infections will not cure other kinds of vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Some people say this discharge looks like cottage cheese. It’s easy to simply reach for the anti-fungal treatments at the first sign of irritation — and usually this does do the trick. Creams available include brand names such as Monistat, Femstat, Gyne-Lotrimin, and Mycostatin.

Instead of using a salt solution, the KOH test uses potassium hydroxide.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Penile candidiasis most often affects men with diabetes, uncircumcised men, or men whose female sex partners have vaginal candidiasis. Similarly, people with diabetes get yeast infections more frequently. This is done to stop the symptoms from developing, or if you get a lot of infections you may be told that you need to take oral pills for up to 6 months. Otherwise you will be charged for the visit. How is trichomoniasis treated? Trichomoniasis usually is treated with a single dose of an antibiotic by mouth.

Candidal vulvovaginitis in pregnancy should be treated with intravaginal clotrimazole or nystatin for at least 7 days. Let’s say it was a one-off scenario: Wider says, but not every woman with a yeast infection experiences it. A type of vaginal infection caused by a one-celled organism that is usually transmitted through sex. Below, Myers outlines her Candida cleanse, along with the basics of diagnosing an overgrowth and healing from it.

Watchful waiting If you are sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection, waiting several days to see if the symptoms clear up on their own is not harmful, especially if you expect your menstrual period within that time. Some guys might have a slight discharge or pain with urination as well. Don't take leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine. And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break. Most of these candidal infections are superficial and clear up easily with treatment. Hormonal changes from your period, pregnancy or high blood sugar can also add to your risk.

Related Topics

In an emergency go to Mount Nittany Medical Center or call 911 for an ambulance. Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea , or chlamydia , may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy. A microbiome-friendly diet, pour into an empty douche bulb (available at the drugstore). Clove oil can also be used as a topical aid for infections.

Instead, there are other factors at play that can throw off Candida balance in the vaginal area. The earlier imidazoles (miconazole and clotrimazole) and the newer imidazoles (butoconazole and ketoconazole) now provide the mainstay of antifungal therapy, although the polyenes may still be employed effectively. An oral medication may be needed if your baby has oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). HuffPost is part of Verizon Media.

Use mild, unscented soap and water. Yeast is all around you. A It largely depends on what caused the Candida overgrowth. Please remember that this information should not substitute for a visit or a consultation with a healthcare provider. Vaginal medicine only affects the area in which it is applied. Women with lowered immunity — such as from corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection — are more likely to get yeast infections.


Because this is a convenient and effective treatment, it is being used more frequently, however, it is usually more expensive than topical treatment. These infections are easily treatable. Coconut oil and mcts, candida albicans infections of the mouth (known as oral thrush) most often develop in people with diseases such as cancer and AIDS. Choosing a treatment is a personal decision, but some get rid of infections quicker than others. Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. X in a circle Think you may have a yeast infection? If present, discharge is typically white and clumpy. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with estrogen, which can be applied as a vaginal cream, ring, or tablet. Many women with this infection do not notice a discharge, but if present, it is usually described as an odorless, white and "cheesy" discharge.

Overgrowth of yeast can result from: Vaginal yeast infections are a very common problem in women. They may swab the inside of the vagina and either send it to a lab or look under a microscope to determine if yeast is present (6). Symptoms of candidiasis vary, depending on the location of the infection.

What Causes A Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Yeast infections (also called yeast vaginitis or vaginal candidiasis) are one of the most common causes of vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge and irritation. These bacteria kill harmful organisms in the vagina and keep you healthy. When too much yeast grows on your skin or other areas, it can cause an infection. Sometimes, women have pain when they pee as the urine passes over the sore tissues. Any person who has their immune system altered by disease (for example, HIV infection) or other reasons (for example, chemotherapy) is at higher risk to get a yeast infection. The symptoms of a yeast infection in men may not be as prominent, though you might see redness and white patches along the penis as well as burning and itchy sensations. If things are tingling downstairs in a not-so-pleasant fashion, the Mayo Clinic says this is a common symptom of an active yeast infection.

The oil in antifungal creams or suppositories can weaken latex. Sexual intercourse typically makes the irritation worse. The partner of someone who has a yeast infection does not automatically have to be treated unless symptoms appear. Report your symptoms to your doctor if: Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. Other treatments may be needed for infections that are more severe, that don’t get better, or that keep coming back after getting better.

Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common, and there are many ways to treat them. They can do a vaginal culture to confirm that you do, in fact, have a yeast infection and recommend next steps from there. Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include: While it's not a life-threatening problem, it's certainly an uncomfortable one. While you can pass a yeast infection to another person, it’s not contagious in the same way as other infections are.