It thrives in an acid environment and is often the side effect of antibiotics, or it may occur during pregnancy or when a woman is immune compromised or diabetic. Physician assistants. Treating a yeast infection is usually simple and straightforward with over-the-counter or prescription antifungal medication. Swelling of the vulva Yeast infections are so common that three out of four women will have one at some time in their lives. These aim to restore the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina. What is the best course of treatment for a woman with a yeast infection that simply won’t go away? Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes.

Your doctor will do a pelvic examination to look for inflammation and a white discharge in your vagina and around the vaginal opening. Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast. It can be an uncomfortable experience because of the redness, swelling and itchiness it can cause in the vaginal area, and the thick, yellowish vaginal discharge that occurs. But while a vaginal yeast infection doesn’t cause long-term complications, untreated BV can. How common are vaginal yeast infections? Talk with your doctor before using an antifungal medicine along with warfarin.

  • Do not douche or use feminine hygiene sprays.
  • This includes brushing and flossing your teeth every day and using mouthwash as needed.
  • Friction from sex can cause more irritation or make it harder to heal.

In actual fact, Candida is normally present in the vagina. Many vaginal infections have similar symptoms, and an appropriate diagnosis is key to effective treatment. The classic treatment for vaginal yeast infection is antifungal. They’re not considered sexually transmitted infections. Prevention of oral thrush, • You and your doctor may need to investigate other possible causes of pain and skin changes. I think a lot of times they don't feel that doctors are going to have a good answer for them.

Tight underwear made of material such as nylon or Lycra that traps moisture and heat, especially in the summer. Share on Pinterest Wild oregano oil may slow or halt the growth of yeast. External use of detergents or douches or internal disturbances (hormonal or physiological) can perturb the normal vaginal flora, consisting of lactic acid bacteria, such as lactobacilli, and result in an overgrowth of Candida cells, causing symptoms of infection, such as local inflammation.

  • Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast.
  • A single drop of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution is then added to the specimen.
  • They will look to see if the vulva or vagina appear red, swollen, or if any discharge is present (6).
  • When you take an antibiotic medication that’s treating an infection of any type—a urinary tract infection (UTI) is one example.
  • Most yeast infections lead to itching, burning, and/or redness in or around the vagina.
  • Who is affected?


Vaginal suppositories containing tea tree oil have been shown to treat vaginal fungal infections. The rash can be controlled by frequent changing and, if needed, medicated powders. Where did this remedy originate? Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat dairy products. However, a positive fungal culture does not always mean that Candida is causing symptoms because some women can have Candida in the vagina without having any symptoms. Have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would require a medical exam. The vaginal environment can be changed by several factors, all of which increase the risk of infection. If this is your first yeast infection or you are unsure as to whether or not you have one, consult your healthcare professional.

If you have diabetes.

Find Us On

Depending on the product, the treatment may be for external or internal use and treat the infection with: STIs like herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma can also infect and irritate the urethra, the Mayo Clinic explains (so treating the STI could potentially address your UTI as well). Keep areas where skin rubs up against skin dry and try to reduce friction.

To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam. One type of fungus—more specifically, yeast (a type of fungus)—that you have living in your mouth, digestive tract and vagina is candida. Symptoms range from mild vaginal itching or burning to severe itching, swelling, and burning, accompanied by a white, watery or thick discharge. It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. The acidic environment of the vagina keeps the growth of Candida albicans under control by allowing protective bacteria to flourish. But there is nothing to be embarrassed about as vaginal yeast infection is common and can be easily treated. Vaginal yeast infection prognosis, in some cases, spotting or bleeding can even be a side effect of treatment. If you're not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call your doctor.

The tampon should be changed three times a day for a new tampon with a fresh dilution of carrier oil and tea tree. Yeast infections can happen to any girl. If you are a woman and get vaginal yeast infections often, you may want to take probiotics.

A yeast infection is an overgrowth of Candida yeast.


Your hormones can be all over the charts during pregnancy. Prevention, these patches may bleed if scraped. They can cause redness and irritation on your penis or scrotum. The feisty warning signs of an oncoming yeast infection can strike at any time:

He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis. Symptoms appear when the candida in the body overgrows and leads to an infection. A slightly erythematous base is visible close to the center of the image, where some of the plaque was scraped off. It’s difficult to determine exactly how prevalent they are because it is commonly self-diagnosed and treated with over-the-counter medications (2). The views or opinions expressed in the resources provided do not necessarily reflect those of Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Thomas Jefferson University or their staffs. It is a good idea to eat a healthy, balanced diet with lots of vegetables, whole grains and few processed carbohydrates.

How is yeast infection treated?

Popular Topics

A Hungarian study of 370 patients with confirmed vaginal yeast infections identified the following types of infection: 3 For most infections, the treatment is an antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of fluconazole taken by mouth. This ensures that your symptoms are definitely related to Candida overgrowth and not another more serious condition.

A vaginal yeast infection is a common problem caused by the Candida yeast. MMWR, 59(RR-12): But that balance can be disrupted. Do not treat yourself with over-the-counter medication if you've never been diagnosed with at least one prior yeast infection by your physician. If the vagina becomes less acidic, too many yeast can grow. They can also cause side effects and interact with other drugs. A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain. The role of lactobacilli and probiotics in maintaining vaginal health.

“If [you have] discomfort in one place, it’s hard for your brain to say, ‘This is my vagina’ versus ‘This is my bladder,’” she explains.


A yeast infection is not spread through sexual contact. However, if only the woman has evidence of a yeast infection, the risk of transmission is so low that there’s no need to treat the male partner. To avoid this, make sure the bottle of essential oil includes the botanical name, and purchase it from a reliable source.

Studies have usually looked at a two- or three-week course of treatment. What are the risk factors for yeast infection? What is a yeast infection? I did a fellowship in infectious diseases about 20 years ago. Many women experience at least two episodes. Learn more about when antibiotics work and when they should be avoided.

Related Terms:

Redness and swelling of the vagina and vulva. If you’re a woman, you also have yeast in your vaginal area. In a 2020 study, women with chronic yeast infections inserted a specially formulated probiotic pill into the vagina.

Centers and Departments

However, if your partner has symptoms, she or he should also be examined. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Many home remedies are safe for the most people with yeast infections. They claim to experience relief from yeast infection, by placing a garlic clove, threaded with a string, into the vagina overnight.

Related CE

Common diaper rash in infants and toddlers is most often a superficial infection caused by the same fungi as other yeast infections in moist parts of the body. Normally, candida doesn’t cause a problem. Do you think women have enough options to get correct medical treatment?


The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture. Some women get yeast infections every month around the time of their menstrual periods. Someone who is experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection can try an over-the-counter vaginal cream or suppository, such as:

Can breastfeeding cause a yeast infection?

The pill is especially good if you don’t want to put cream inside of your vagina. It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis (pronounced: )Yeast is not spread from person to person. Using nonprescription medicine When using a nonprescription vaginal medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, follow the directions on the package insert, as well as these guidelines: One small study showed that among women who believed they had a yeast infection, only 1 out of 3 of them actually had one, and women who had been diagnosed in the past by a healthcare provider weren’t any better at correctly making the diagnosis (7). One of the most common causes of vaginitis is an overgrowth of Candida albicans, a fungus often found in the vagina in small quantities. But if after having sex you develop a yeast infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other things are also involved.

To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly.

Bacterial vaginosis is far more prevalent than yeast infections. It is a good idea to test for allergies to oil of oregano on the forearm before use. The overuse of antifungals can increase the chances of yeast resistance, so that the medications may not work in the future when they are needed. How can i avoid getting bacterial vaginosis?, if you’ve had thrush before and you know the symptoms you may only need to visit your local pharmacy for some over the counter medicines or simply order online from a doctor service such as Doctor 4 U, many patients find this is more convenient and more discreet if they’re too embarrassed to speak to a pharmacist or doctor face to face. However, this isn’t uncommon. Babies born to a mother with a vaginal yeast infection can get a mouth infection (thrush).

Book an Appointment

It’s also possible for a baby to get a fungal diaper rash at birth if the mother has a vaginal yeast infection during delivery. When an infection is in the vagina, it is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. Some people say this discharge looks like cottage cheese. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions. Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. Should I Treat It Myself? A woman may also experience redness and swelling of the vulvar tissue, painful urination, or pain during intercourse.

What’s the Best Treatment for a Yeast Infection?

They may also change each time you get an infection, so watch out for these common symptoms and whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or more complicated. The exact opposite can happen too, where a man might develop a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast. Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), commonly known as sexually transmitted disease (STD).

  • How can I prevent vaginal candidiasis?
  • If you’re not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call your doctor.
  • Some doctors advise that women avoid sex during treatment.
  • If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection.
  • Variable data exist.
  • A complicated infection (one that has severe symptoms or keeps coming back, a rare strain of yeast or any infection in a diabetic or pregnant patient) will likely need longer treatment, including over a week of a vaginal cream or two to four rounds of an oral medication.


If you have fewer than four yeast infections in a year, you should: Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. Who can get thrush and is it contagious (pass from person to person)? However, the following people should not try to treat themselves: Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history.

Your doctor may prescribe multiple doses over a period of days or weeks to treat severe or recurring yeast infections. They probably don’t make them worse; I don't think it really makes a difference. 2–7 This article suggests a stepwise approach to treatment using the best current evidence and the clinical experience of the authors and focuses on C glabrata since this species is responsible for the majority of cases. If in a sexual relationship, your partner also needs to use tea tree so the infection does not pass back and forth between the two of you. Allicin, a compound extracted from garlic, has been found to kill yeast in the lab and in animal studies. Signs and Symptoms: These can become infected with other germs.

New Patient Appointments

But sexual contact sometimes leads to yeast infections — your body chemistry can have a bad reaction to another person’s natural genital yeast and bacteria, which causes yeast to grow. Consuming yogurt also lacks enough research to say whether it is helpful in fighting yeast, but it’s unlikely to be harmful (9,11). Then wash your hands. Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions. Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure. And whether they do or not, can they be dangerous? Merenstein D, Hu H, Wang C, et al.

Other Works Consulted

BMJ Clinical Evidence. What is candida? Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle. In some situations, a single oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) appears to be as effective as a seven-day course of daily topical treatment with clotrimazole for treating vaginal infections. Descriptions of what sounds like oral thrush go back to the time of Hippocrates circa 460–370 BCE.

Some girls may react to certain dyes or perfumes in soaps, bath gels or lotions, sanitary products, and laundry detergents. Subscribe to webmd newsletters, signs and Symptoms:. X in a circle Think you may have a yeast infection? If you have had a yeast infection before and can recognize the symptoms, and you aren't pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with medicines you can buy without a prescription.

Confirm with your doctor that your symptoms are indeed caused by a yeast infection before trying out essential oils as treatment. While a nuisance, early treatment can help clear up your yeast infection before your period starts. A 2020 publication noted that "a large pseudoscientific cult"[82] has developed around the topic of Candida, with claims stating that up to one in three people are affected by yeast-related illness, particularly a condition called "Candidiasis hypersensitivity". This can then lead to diaper rash and oral thrush in your baby. Once you get a yeast infection, you’re also more likely to get another one. Mouth and throat candidiasis are treated with antifungal medication.