4 Vaginal Infections That Are Common During Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

If symptoms recur, referral to a specialist is advised. This causes the lining of the vagina to become inflamed. 9 A prospective cohort study of 226 pregnant women found no association between fluconazole use during the first trimester and miscarriage.

Sometimes, these pesky YI's can be downright itchy. Are not pregnant. It is used in various pharmaceutical products and is also available without a prescription. Genitals[edit], working with a holistic dietitian or other licensed practitioner is of utmost importance to help minimize risk of these complications. Don’t sit around in a wet swimsuit.

  • If you notice your vaginal discharge smells bad or is colored, or you feel an unusual itchiness, that might mean you’ve developed a yeast infection.
  • As your pregnancy moves along, you may get more yeast infections (and more intense ones, too) as a result of your changing hormone levels.
  • What causes yeast infections during pregnancy?
  • Thrush is characterized by white patches on the sides and roof of the mouth and sometimes on the tongue.

About 10 percent of U. There are a few ways to do this. There is more sugar in vaginal secretions on which the yeast can feed, causing an imbalance which results in too much yeast. Don't take leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine.

Stages of Pregnancy: 1st, 2nd, 3rd Trimester Images

In the early weeks of pregnancy when progesterone starts to rise, however, everything can slow down. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection. Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with medicines such as pills or creams, ovules, or ointments.

The chances are rare but the infection can be passed between the sexual partners. During pregnancy, Candida (and the infections it causes) is even more common. If you really don’t want to miss your fertile window even with a yeast infection, take into consideration that sex with a yeast infection may not only be painful or uncomfortable, but it can also cause the infection to last longer or recur after treatment or even be transmitted to your partner, though that is rare (5). How can I reduce my chances of getting a yeast infection?

Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle. Yeast infections, sometimes called thrush, are caused by a microscopic fungus or yeast called candida albicans. Fortunately, yeast infections aren’t dangerous (and they're rarely more than an irritating inconvenience). Of the total cohort, 3,315 pregnancies were exposed to oral fluconazole between 7 and 22 weeks’ gestation. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office on Women's Health: If you’re craving carb-heavy fare and can’t stomach vegetables, it can also affect your GI tract. Miconazole is an antifungal medicine used to treat infections. At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope.

If you're not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call your doctor.


Oral azoles occasionally cause nausea, abdominal pain, and headache. If you're prescribed a treatment cream, you'll insert it into the vagina every night before bed, enabling you to lie down as long as possible to get the most out of the medication. It's important that you take the medicine for the whole time that your doctor prescribes. If you have a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can prescribe treatment to clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week.

STP4 capsules several strains of lactobacilli.


Features include strict randomisation and allocation concealment procedures, and blinding of those assessing the trial endpoints [41]. Although we identified 11 treatment trials of symptomatic candidiasis in pregnancy, all were published before 1985, only one compared treatment to placebo and none reported pregnancy outcomes, only the rate of Candida eradication [25,36,37,55-62]. The seven citations in the awaiting classification section of the review may alter the conclusions of the review once assessed. Whether you should avoid sexual intercourse if you are using vaginal medicine. Unlike with other types of infections, you generally wouldn't be prescribed antibiotics for a yeast infection (in fact, the use of antibiotics has been shown to lead to yeast infections in some women). 7% Non-albicans Candida (8 species): Change pads and tampons often during your period. Here are some of the frequently asked questions about yeast infection pregnancy that will answer your queries.

Why you need to see your doctor for BV: Before trying any self-treatments or over-the-counter (OTC) medications for vaginal itching, especially during pregnancy, you should see your health care provider be sure you don't have any STIs. Rich in an essential bacterium called Lactobacillus acidophilus, unflavoured yoghurt can be applied vaginally once or twice a day until the symptoms disappear. But did you know yeast infections occur more frequently in women who are pregnant? Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high. When it comes to intercourse, the same principles apply as to yeast infections. Exposure to fluconazole was documented by filled prescriptions from the National Prescription Register.

It is also complicated if coupled with pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes, poor immune function, or the thrush is not caused by Candida albicans. During pregnancy, the vagina is rich in a sugar called glycogen which helps yeast thrive. Change out of your swimsuit, workout clothes, or other damp clothes as soon as possible. If your newborn baby has thrush you'll see white patches in his mouth. You may prefer to take pills rather than use medicine that is inserted into the vagina. Yeast infections are especially common during pregnancy because hormone changes can disrupt the pH balance of the vagina. If a woman develops PID because of infection with BV, an ectopic pregnancy is more likely.

The Infection: Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

These may be vaginal creams or suppositories. Over-the-counter treatments are safe and often effective in treating yeast infections. A common cause of vaginal yeast infections in women is the fungus called Candida albicans. Yeast likes warm, moist, airless environments. Miconazole creams can also be put on the skin for localized fungal infections. Candida antigens can be presented to antigen-presenting cells, which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema. Shedding light on low male libido, what I have put together is everything you need to know, from A to Z on how to diagnose, treat and permanently cure your yeast infection. One limitation of the study is the possibility that researchers lacked data on all of the women who smoked or drank or took folic acid, the study authors note.

5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that pregnant women who took oral fluconazole were 48 percent more likely to have a miscarriage than women who didn't take the drug. (for women) dip a tampon into it, coconut oil is high in calories (‘good’ calories, not like junk food), so if you feel like you are losing too much weight, coconut oil is a great way to boost your calorie intake. Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins. However, you may have a yeast infection if: Wearing a wet swimsuit for long periods of time, eating too much sugar, and wearing tight and damp pants after a workout all threaten to disrupt the vagina’s system of healthy bacteria that fight off infection (3).

Have pain during sex or urination.

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Read more information about how thrush is treated. Pregnant women and women who are nursing should not take an oral prescription medication for yeast infections, as they have not been proved safe. How will a yeast infection affect baby? If you’re experiencing yellow, gray or green discharge with a strong odor or general itching and burning in the vaginal area, let your doctor know. Your knowledge of your normal cervical fluid will help you identify what is NOT normal; that means you’ll notice sooner when that vaginal fluid is actually discharge from an infection, and you’ll be able to take action sooner (14). Plus, more from The Bump: Only one outcome (spontaneous preterm birth) was available from both studies, and future trials should consider other potential pregnancy outcomes and treatment side effects [54].

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Gestational diabetes can also increase the risk of yeast infection. There are more serious health consequences of BV compared to a yeast infection (9). How common are yeast infections during pregnancy? Suppressive maintenance therapies are effective in reducing RVVC. It may also be that that your vaginal discharge may signal another type of infection, so be sure to check with your doctor. 09; 95% CI = 0. You’ll probably be uncomfortable for a while, but baby will be just fine, as long as you get treatment. In a male partner, symptoms can include redness, rash, itching, or burning.

It can also be mixed with cinnamon oil and applied over the affected area thrice a day to reduce the pain or discomfort. It is characterised by itchiness, soreness, and irritation in the vagina and labia and is also accompanied by a white or creamy discharge, especially during the second trimester of the pregnancy. Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. This is the process of intra-vaginal cleansing using a liquid solution – an activity that is done by many women. What can happen if you don't get treated for a yeast infection? You are not sure that you have a yeast infection.

How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed? As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives. These infections aren't a risk to the pregnancy. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. Five common tongue conditions often mistaken for thrush, don’t worry though, there’s no evidence to suggest that thrush can harm an unborn baby. How is thrush diagnosed?, give the missed dose as soon as you remember, as long as this is at least 12 hours before the next normal dose. You may be noticing an increase in the amount of thin, white, odd smelling discharge. This reflects population baseline characteristics and slightly varying gestational age ranges for recruitment.

What Causes Yeast Infections During Pregnancy?

A quick workout: Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work. He stressed that most pregnant women already avoid fluconazole. Uterine infections often develop when bacteria from the vagina travels to the uterus, so an untreated vaginal infection is a risk factor for uterine infections. But there's no evidence that thrush can harm an unborn baby.

When should I see a doctor?

If recurrence occurs, 600 mg of boric acid in a gelatin capsule is recommended, administered vaginally once daily for 2 weeks. You use perfumed bubble bath or scented panty liners that may cause irritation. However, because only small amounts of miconazole or clotrimazole could pass into breastmilk when used topically or intravaginally, breastfeeding is not thought to be a concern.

74), spontaneous vaginal birth (RR = 1. Be sure to complete the full course of treatment to make sure the infection is gone. Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it's rare. Signs include vulvar edema, fissures, excoriations, and thick curdy vaginal discharge. Most healthy women with uncomplicated VVC have no identifiable precipitating factors. The fine print, the merchant is solely responsible to purchasers for the fulfillment, delivery, care, quality, and pricing information of the advertised goods and services. Furthermore, the seven studies that reported gestational age at recruitment all included women who were too advanced in pregnancy to have an impact on preterm birth [25,36,37,56,58,60,62]. This is because vaginal medicine isn't absorbed into your body and only affects the genital area.

While pregnancy can bring so much joy, it also can bring on morning sickness, stretch marks and an itchy belly. A person is more susceptible to uterine infections if their membranes rupture during an extended labor. “I got a prescription from the doctor for the first one I had. Please check out the Mayo Clinic’s recommendations on having sex when experiencing a vaginal infection. It's important to see a doctor for your diagnosis because if you actually have another type of infection, it could get worse if not properly treated. Hiv and pregnancy, the oral infection can progress to esophageal candidiasis, which occurs when thrush spreads to the esophagus. We all carry the fungus on and in our bodies. On the basis of available data, therapy for uncomplicated and complicated VVC in women with HIV infection should not differ from that for seronegative women. Talk to your doctor before you try unproven home treatment methods, such as applying tea tree oil in the vagina or taking garlic supplements.

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To avoid spreading a yeast infection, always wipe from front to back after you've been to the toiletThere's not much evidence that wearing tight-fitting clothes makes a yeast infection worse. Consequently, as the treatment protocol adheres closely to routine clinical practice, the results from a PROBE design may be more generalisable to the pragmatic management of patients than double-blind, placebo-controlled trials [41,45]. Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. Both trials included in the meta-analysis used a similar design, described by Roberts et al. 8% Candida albicans and Candida glabrata: When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. The drug interventions are typically commercially available as indicated in the Roberts trial [35]. What treatments are available for vaginal yeast infection?

Garlic gel supplements can also be used topically to get relief from yeast infections. Mind & body, no vaginal intercourse – give things a rest down there! However, vaginal discharge can also be a sign of a yeast infection. Only use nonprescription vaginal yeast infection treatment without a doctor's diagnosis and advice if you: You can insert a cream or suppository antifungal cream into your vagina or take a pill by mouth. Women who have trichomoniasis are at an increased risk of infection with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If you notice an increase in vaginal discharge, you might think you have a vaginal yeast infection or, if your cycles are irregular, you might think you’re ovulating.

What Can Cause Vaginitis?

“Each STD should be tested for and treated by a doctor, as treatments for various STDs are unique to the particular infection,” Sasan says. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections. Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious. ET, Monday — FridayOWH and the OWH helpline do not see patients and are unable to: Infection occurs when too much yeast begins to grow. If your vaginal symptoms are not typical of a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can look for signs of yeast or other organisms using a wet mount test of vaginal discharge. This can cause irritation and sweating in the vaginal area. It's rare, but sexual partners can pass a yeast infection to one another.

Or your doctor may prescribe a medicine to treat the infection. 65; 95% CI = 0. Recurrent vaginal yeast infections tend to involve non– C. Online shopping, in women, the short urethra (a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the genitals) makes entry of bacteria into the bladder easier. If you see no improvement within three days, or if symptoms worsen or come back after treatment, you should contact your healthcare provider again.

In my earlier blog, I talk about different kinds of over-the-counter treatment for yeast infections and when you should go to the doctor if those aren’t effective for you. Even though oral fluconazole is available on drugstore shelves without a prescription, “oral fluconazole treatment for vaginal yeast infections in pregnant women should be avoided at this time,” Paquette added. Refer to condom product labeling for further information. If you have a yeast infection, you may be able to take an over-the-counter or prescription antifungal cream or vaginal suppository — just be sure to check with your pracitioner first. Spontaneous abortion occurred in 147 of these pregnancies and in 563 of 13,246 unexposed, matched pregnancies (hazard ratio [HR], 1. )How do I relieve pain from a vaginal infection? If BV is left untreated and does not heal on its own, BV can spread to the reproductive organs and may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which may also increase your chances of becoming infertile.


Fluconazole (Diflucan) is a prescribed pill used to treat yeast infections. Whereas yeast infection symptoms in babies may appear as: There are a number of things that can increase your chances of skin irritation.

The researchers tracked the women's fluconazole use via prescription data from the Quebec Prescription Drug Insurance database. Healthy discharge is thin and milky in colour. There's probably nothing to worry about, but it's better to be safe, and testing for STIs is simple enough. How is it treated? It's normal to have more vaginal discharge than usual while you're pregnant.