Vaginal Yeast Infection Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Use of some types of antibiotics increase your risk of a yeast infection. Get fatherly in your inbox, yeast infections are a type of vaginitis or inflammation of the vagina and vulva (the area surrounding the vagina). It is found in small numbers in the normal vagina. Besides discomfort or irritation and itchiness, there are a number of symptoms that may occur with a yeast infection: Care should be taken: At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests.

  • Many home remedies are safe for the most people with yeast infections.
  • Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely.
  • About 5% of women with vaginal yeast infections develop recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), which is defined as 4 or more vaginal yeast infections in a 1-year period.
  • Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth and moist areas of skin.
  • What can cause vaginitis?

Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams. Even unsweetened yogurt has natural sugars, which can fuel yeast growth and might make matters worse. If you have a severe infection and have a weak immune system, you may need to take an oral anti-yeast medicine. Over-the-counter treatments are safe and often effective in treating yeast infections. Signs of yeast infections include:

Monistat is the #1 Doctor and Gynecologist Recommended over-the-counter (OTC) yeast infection brand and starts working right at the site of infection.

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Douching, another home remedy some women try to address yeast infections, is also discouraged along with other vaginal cleanses. Some things that can cause changes in your vagina’s environment are: They “may try to change the type of birth control to see if that helps,” Dr. Goebel notes — and there’s a decent chance you’ll cause burning and irritation (not to mention lost bits of garlic). Diagnosis & Treatment Diagnosing a Yeast Infection Females Your doctor will perform a pelvic exam to look for swelling and abnormal discharge then take a swab sample from your vagina. Goebel says, there’s no great data on whether eating foods or supplements with probiotics makes a big difference for yeast infections.

(2 percent of cases in 1995).

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Researchers believe that eating yogurt or taking probiotic supplements may help maintain the proper balance of good bacteria and keep yeast from overgrowing. A It’s really hard to get rid of Candida without adjusting your diet—even if you’re on an anti-fungal prescription, you need to take away the foods that are contributing to the overgrowth. Wearing cotton underwear. Always finish treatment, even if the signs of a yeast infection go away. If you have sex while using these antifungal products, they may not provide effective contraception or protection against sexually transmitted diseases. In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva. Manufacturers, suppliers and others provide what you see here, and we have not verified it. Although vaginal candidiasis is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease, it can occasionally be transmitted to a partner through intercourse.

The good news is that the treatments available have a very low risk to them. Functional medicine expert Dr. Pain and/or burning when urinating. Sorry, we could not find any Health Center for your search.

There are plenty of reasons why having a vagina can be great. Sign up to receive weekly emails!, apple cider vinegar is commonly used in many home remedies for candida and yeast infections. These infections are very common. Antifungal cream or suppository OTC medications for yeast infections usually come in the form of a cream, ointment, or suppository. If you need to change your hormonal birth control for whatever reason and you’re prone to yeast infections, your doctor may recommend a preventative round of fluconazole just to be safe, Dr.


There are, unfortunately, many supposed remedies patients try, “from things as unique as yogurt in the vagina to peroxide-soaked tampons … (to) tea tree oils,” Parnell says. You are more likely to use a treatment correctly and complete the treatment if you get to choose the type you prefer. If the burning sensation worsens, people should discontinue use. How this works. The risk of infection is greater among men with diabetes. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Share on Pinterest Tea tree oil has antifungal properties that may kill yeasts and fungi.

DO practice good hygiene. There is some evidence that it might be possible to contract a yeast infection from a sexual partner, but it is uncommon. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis at some time, fewer than 5 percent of these women experience recurrences. Women who experience recurring yeast infections — defined as four or more per year — should consult their doctor. You are not sure that you have a yeast infection.

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I think of the microbiome (clusters of mainly bacteria, plus other organisms, found in our skin, nose, mouth, gut, urinary tract) as a rainforest: Why do you think that a lot of women resort to these alternative therapies before seeing a doctor? Some women insert yogurt (it is made with lactobacillus) vaginally, but Dr. Cutaneous candidiasis, - scraping the skin with a blade to collect yeast organisms Impression smear - pressing a microscope slide on the skin to collect yeast organisms. Can vaginal yeast infections be prevented? These bacteria normally help to limit yeast colonization. Your doctor examines your external genitals for signs of infection.

However, it’s worth pointing out that these suppositories can irritate your skin. Are not pregnant. Cosmetic dentistry, bloodstream infections are most common in newborns, children with long-term intravenous catheters, and children with weakened immune systems caused by illnesses or medicines. A woman is more likely to get yeast infections if she is pregnant or has diabetes. How is yeast infection treated?

Whether you should avoid sexual intercourse if you are using vaginal medicine. Myers specializes in women’s health issues, particularly gut health, thyroid dysfunction, and autoimmunity. Do not rub to try to relieve itching.

Infection is more likely to return if some health problems, such as diabetes, are not under control.

After Treatment

These include: After using the toilet, wipe from front to back to avoid spreading yeast or bacteria from your anus to the vagina or urinary tract. In some cases, a thick, white, odorless discharge, resembling cottage cheese, also appears.

Do these old wives tales really work?

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Antifungal pills that are taken by mouth affect your entire body. Some of them are more well-known that others, for instance, thyroid dysfunction; others, like Candida, are not as widely understood. Swallow a capsule a day, or open a capsule and mix the powder with a small amount of water to form a paste. The symptoms of different kinds of yeast infections overlap greatly (although some lead to infections in different parts of the body) and the vast majority of treatment is the same.

How Is Vaginitis Diagnosed?

For women who have chronic vaginal problems, a majority of them—about two thirds—will try at least one form of alternative medication. It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. If you notice fishy-smelling vaginal discharge or foul-smelling, greenish-yellowish vaginal discharge, be sure to see a doctor for these can be signs of serious vaginal infections caused by bacteria or a parasite. Healthy adults don’t typically get thrush, but elderly folks and people with weakened immune systems are at risk. Click the links below for more information on the different types of Candida infections. This means cutting out vinegar, beer, wine, mushrooms (as part of the fungi family, they can cross-react with Candida) and sugar, refined carbs, processed foods. If you are pregnant, don't use medicine for a yeast infection without talking to your doctor first. Some studies suggest that 40 to 70 percent of women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis have some specific anergy resulting in a subnormal T-lymphocyte response to Candida.

Atrophic vaginitis is not caused by an infection but can cause vaginal discharge and irritation, such as dryness, itching, and burning. Some women diagnose themselves based on symptoms, especially if they have experienced a yeast infection in the past. What is trichomoniasis? This is one old wives tale that you can mince for good. Taking antibiotics, for example, may kill the beneficial bacteria that prevent yeast from proliferating.

The physician or nurse practitioner will do a pelvic exam to detect swelling and unhealthy discharge. Microscopic examination of vaginal secretions in a 10 percent KOH preparation may demonstrate hyphae. Repeat 2 times a day until the symptoms disappear. It's the same thing you use to get rid of cockroaches.


The fungus most commonly associated with vaginal yeast infection is called Candida albicans, which account for up to 92% of all cases, with the remainder due to other species of Candida. Peace, even though yeast infections can be really itchy, try not to scratch. You can also dip a tampon in the yogurt, let it soak for a few minutes, and then insert it. The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast.

If you have used an over-the-counter medication and your symptoms do not go away, see your health care professional. Video, not all probiotics have the same benefits, & different people respond to different strains in their own unique ways. But if you have symptoms you're not sure about, I recommend that you see your doctor or nurse practitioner to get a formal diagnosis. There are several recommendations for the prevention of recurring vaginal yeast infections that may be effective. Yeast (candida) is a fungus that can live almost anywhere. There are patients who order gelatin capsules and boric acid, and they make it up themselves. Exercise, meditation and getting enough sleep can relieve stress. Approximately 75 percent of women have had one genital yeast infection in their lifetime.

Conventional medicine only recognizes the systemic and often fatal form of Candida overgrowth known as Candidemia, which is when Candida invades the blood. Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure. But for most people, there’s no harm in giving them a try. Although the initial infection is sometimes diagnosed over the telephone, clinical evaluation of recurrent episodes is essential.

Vaginal Yeast Infection

Nearly three times out of four, they're treating themselves or calling a doctor for a medicine to treat a problem they don't have, said Hoffstetter, who co-directs the SLUCare Vulvar and Vaginal Disease Clinic, which specializes in treating women who have chronic pain, unhealthy discharges or skin problems in their vaginal area. Common brands are Monistat and Vagistat. Bacteria from the soil can be pathogenic — bad for the body. We apologize for any inconvenience. It is not easy to control and often comes back in uncircumcised males. Why do i always feel like i have a yeast infection after my period. In contrast, complicated VVC can be intractable and cause considerable psychological morbidity. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with estrogen, which can be applied as a vaginal cream, ring, or tablet.

Increasingly, Candida species other than C. Coconut oil for vaginal yeast infection, thrush can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver and skin. These treatments have not been well studied. He or she may be able to prescribe a treatment that can help prevent your recurring yeast infections. But if after having sex you develop a yeast infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other things are also involved. Depending on the product, the treatment may be for external or internal use and treat the infection with: This medication may be fatal if taken orally and is used only to treat candida fungus that is resistant to the usual antifungal agents.

  • To diagnose vaginitis, your health care professional will take a sample of the discharge from your vagina and look at it under a microscope.
  • In men, a yeast infection may be called penile candidiasis or balanitis.


Fortunately, the infections respond well to over-the-counter antifungal creams or suppositories, so if you’re sure you have a yeast infection, go ahead and try an OTC yeast infection medication like Monistat or yeast arrest suppositories, which contain boric acid, a mild antiseptic. How is it taken and where can you get it? Keeping your genital area clean and dry. But it’s still important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, since other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. Although she had been nervous about seeing a doctor for such a personal reason, she was relieved to learn that yeast infections can be a side effect of taking antibiotics, and that treatment is simple and painless. Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body.