Monolaurin: The Most Beneficial Compound in Coconut Oil?

29, 1013–1020. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of monolaurin against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) and determine their effects on the host transcriptome and metabolome, using an oral cell/bacteria co-culture dual-chamber model to mimic the human periodontium. However, clinical studies are lacking [12, 13, 11, 14]. For example, if you stick to a no sugar diet during the week but eat anything on the weekends, it will be difficult to ever get the upper hand on Candida. One of my pet peeves is when I hear people say, “Oh, I’ve got yeast overgrowth,” or, “I’ve got Candida,” or, “I’m on a Candida diet. Fourth, biofilms might also play a role in the healthy gut, making it difficult to distinguish between pathogenic and healthy communities (4, 7). If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission.

Lauricidin® is intended to be taken for long-term support of general health and wellness and not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any disease.

For very young children it is best to start with 1-3 pellets/day for a several days before gradually increasing the amount. We already know that Candida albicans behaves this way. Lauricidin® is a concentrated mini-pellet (~30 mg per pellet) of sn1 (3)-monolaurin.

This is not an easy question, and the answer will be different for everyone. In this autoimmune disease, cell death by NETosis instead of apoptosis turns the immune system against itself (12). Then I found this recipe!

I thought it was a great paper, because the researchers were basically backing up what we’ve said numerous times on this program, which is you have to distinguish between a therapy, something that has a therapeutic effect and that you use for a short period of time until you don’t need it anymore, with something that you might do over the long term. If you do some searching for Candida or yeast overgrowth on the Internet, you’re bound to just get bludgeoned with a crazy level of information. The lethal dosage (LD 50 ) was found using nonlinear regression analysis by MasterPlex 2020 Reader Fit. Lauricidin is a naturally occurring lipid (fat) that has been purified from coconut oil. The truth is that saturated fats are not always the enemies we make them out to be.

Thanks, everyone.

What are the Health Benefits of Bifidobacterium Longum?

The medical community is increasingly dealing with antibacterial-resistant infections, with evidence of a biofilm at work behind the scenes: We are each intricate. Fewer side-effects – Generally, Lauricidin is well-tolerated with no serious side effects reported. And a lot of it’s pretty kooky and quacky and unreliable. Furthermore, these cytokines also increase the expression of adhesion molecules, synthesis of nitric oxide, and the release of other cytokines [36].

These opinions do not represent the opinions of WebMD. Biofilm disruptors should be included in one’s protocol. The moral of the story is that these infections are really common, and although they're not always fatal, they can be quite annoying, resistant, and chronic. It is not known how much coconut must be consumed to receive enough monolaurin [38]. With the rise of chronic disease, fungal overgrowth will slowly make its way into the mainstream headlines. Candida-induced skin rashes will look like "red, inflamed areas typically in warm areas such as underarms," he says. Truss argues, perhaps it’s worthwhile to look at markers like HbA1c, or a glucose tolerance test to see how the body is reacting to glucose immediately after a high glycemic meal in what is known as the “post prandial” period.

  • A 2020 study published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy found that vaginal gels containing glycerol monolaurate self-administered every 12 hours for two days effectively reduced Candida and Gardnerella vaginalis.
  • What do you do to treat the problem?
  • Added significance is the current concern regarding antibiotic resistance.
  • As positive control in this study, the BIC50 and BIC80 of rifampicin were 0.

Anti-fungal Drugs vs. Alternative Medicine:

If you are familiar with how bread is made, you know that adding sugar is a must for the yeast to eat and grow; otherwise, your bread will not rise at all. Here are three suggestions for using probiotics and antifungals together during your Candida treatment. (Louis, MO) served as a positive control and vehicle control, respectively. The great advantage of Lauricidin® is that it does not produce resistant microorganisms during use. Beyond that, I hope this article and Dr. If the Herx symptoms get too severe you may have the urge to quit your Candida cleanse, so you must aggressively support drainage to avoid the negative Herx symptoms! Over 50 percent of the fats in coconut oil are medium chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12: )Because of widespread use of "azole" antifungal medications and creams, drug-resistant yeast forms of yeast have now developed.

So, of course, I thought of making my own {natural version} if there is ever a next time. Lauricidin® is intended to be taken daily like a multi-vitamin for at least three-six months at the recommended intake to support general immune health and overall wellness. Curcumin stands as a potential antimicrobial natural compound, which is incorporated as an important traditional remedy spice used by the traditional Asian and Indian culture. That sort of belief could set you back quite a bit and have you wasting a lot of time and money. Candida can hide anywhere in the body, and thrive on toxins and inflammation. On the other hand, in keratinocytes, TNF expression was higher in cells treated with 25 μM of this compound. The modern day holistic view that all ailments come back to “candida” is plausible as a theory, but is not based on any overwhelming evidence.

Even more importantly, probiotics will support your immune system as your body fights the Candida yeast.

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Oil of Oregano has shown some limited promise in treating Candida in vitro, but it doesn’t stop at attacking fungus, it’s a powerful antimicrobial agent across the board. I wonder how many lives could potentially be saved with the current fungal meningitis outbreak, if natural therapies were combined with conventional medicine? One study compared the salivary metabolic profile of healthy patients and patients with periodontal disease. Recurrent[edit], [28] Example products are herbal preparations, probiotics and vaginal acidifying agents. Relative expression of genes from OBA-9 cells (keratinocytes) by quantitative PCR: I recommend Klaire Labs InterFase Plus and Kirkman Biofilm Defense, two commercial products formulated to effectively disrupt biofilm. Non-treated cells were considered as 100% viability; DMSO was used as positive control to demonstrate an appropriate system-cell response (100% cytotoxicity – data not shown).

So all of these things, many of which we’ve talked about before, can be really effective in an overall antifungal strategy. The antibacterial effectiveness of monolaurin in the food industry may be reduced significantly in high-fat or low-starch food products, but is not affected by proteins [8]. Want to know all about Lauricdin? Drink plenty of fresh water, preferably chlorine and fluoride free water since those chemicals create an extra burden on your drainage pathways. Proteinase and phospholipase enzyme activities were reduced using curcumin at 62. The biofilm assay results showed a decrease in the mass of biofilms treated with curcumin (62. )And those are not all mutually exclusive.

The level can be then increased to 1. However, this hypothesis needs to be further investigated by studying the polysaccharides and protein composition of the biofilm samples upon treatment with the compound. It has demonstrated its ability to kill infection causing bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus, which causes staph infections. I also borrow from the research of Dr. Thus, TNF is one of the first proinflammatory cytokines produced in response to infection by pathogenic bacteria (Stashenko et al. )Candida thrives in environments with inflammation as well as producing their inflammation, so removal of dairy especially at the beginning of any Candida Support Protocol is essential. Overall, the researchers conclude that glycerol monolaurate has “statistically significant in vitro broad-spectrum sensitivity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial isolates from superficial skin infections.

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It was studied against Candida albicans, which is present in the mouth, gut, and female reproductive system [38, 23, 44]. The aim of this study was to investigate the modulatory effects of curcumin in vitro in some virulence factors associated with the pathogenicity of Candida albicans. In some systemic diseases, the IL-1 blockade reduces the levels of IL-6 [36]. We know this when we leave food out for too long and it develops mold - especially bread. JM analyzed the data, and critically reviewed and interpreted the data. Studies show that long-term consumption of MCTs (like those found in coconut oil) can boost weight loss efforts. Its effect on gut bacteria in humans is unknown [11].

As mentioned, it’s even found naturally in breast milk, so nature has also stamped it GRAS.

Graphical Abstract

If a biofilm is at work, these standard “treatments” aren’t curing anything. Roughly 40 to 60% of coconut oil is comprised of lauric acid [38]. According to a scientific article, titled “A Review of Monolaurin and Lauric Acid: However, there are no clinical studies specifically involving glycerol monolaurate intake and weight loss benefits to date. You should always allow for a period of adjustment between large changes in your diet or supplement regimen.

Again, this is something that so many people are interested in. Many of the pathogenic organisms reported to be inactivated by these antimicrobial lipids are those know to be responsible for opportunistic infections in HIV -positive individuals. Sorry if it’s a he. But the paper was saying, “Yeah, the low-FODMAP diet is undoubtedly effective for IBS, but maybe we don’t want to be prescribing this to patients long term because it’s really low on microbiota-accessible carbohydrates, which are the types of carbohydrates that feed the beneficial gut bacteria.

  • Some clinicians look for mycotoxins in the urine to identify biofilms (8), but I am not impressed by the research behind it yet.
  • The level of statistical significance was set at 0.

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In conclusion, curcumin exhibited antifungal activity against C. Latest news, "Notoriously, both women and providers diagnose the wrong infection based on symptoms alone. If you haven’t checked it out yet, go over to 14Four. Oregano can also disrupt good bacteria so although this is a great natural remedy for Candida it should not be taken long term.

Materials And Methods

And if you’ve been doing a GAPS approach, for example, for six months, and you still have symptoms and you’re not doing these other things, then that’s absolutely something to look into. It was the antibiotics that got you into this mess in the first place, so why take more? I’m right there with you. By disrupting the lipid bi-layer of the virus, Monolaurin inactivates the virus by preventing attachment (absorption) to susceptible host cell walls. In one study, all 99 strep throat-causing bacterial isolates formed biofilms (9). Definitely head over there and record a question. Apple cider vinegar is another delicious part of the Candida Support Protocol. According to one unproven hypothesis, monolaurin may stop viruses from multiplying by sneaking into the fatty layer of their cellular membrane.

I was lucky though as bacterial meningitis can be deadly. The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. Eating fast does not allow our food to be digested properly and generates stomach and intestinal issues which favor Candida. Currently, there is not sufficient evidence to support a specific dose. Chlamydia trachomatis is inactivated by monolaurin (Bergsson et al 1998). It’s also brought to you by 14Four. Because the bacteria sequester minerals from the host, mineral deficiency is probably associated with the presence of biofilms, although mineral deficiencies are all too common in the general population to use this alone as a diagnostic criterion. Speak with your doctor before supplementing.

Dosage and Preparation

Try using coconut oil in recipes that call for canola or other vegetable oils. This turns harmless digestive contents into active combatants. In this case, as I mentioned, Nada already had the Metametrix test. Natural remedies, call the OWH HELPLINE:. It is part of Mother Nature’s immune support that is passed from mother to child and vital to the survival of the human race.

For example, in the October 31, 2020 issues of the journal Cell, scientists report that bacteria spores grow and spread by ‘talking’ to dormant bacteria nearby. However, 50% of mice given vancomycin and monolaurin daily survived for 30 days [5]. But if you choose AIP, remember that you may need to temporarily cut out the starchy vegetables and fruit that the diet includes, if you have a flare-up yeast infection. Then you have things like disaccharides, which would be lactose, as an example, which have to be split. If these foods are just not an option for you, consider adding a high-quality omega 3 supplement to your Candida cleanse. It is important to know what is a monoglyceride like monolaurin (Lauricidin® ).

This happens when large numbers of yeast are killed off at the same time, and it typically leads to flu-like symptoms and fatigue. So there are certain types of carbohydrates that are poorly broken down. The inhibitory effect was similar to the Schlievert [25] study which showed monolaurin had a 66% inhibitory effect on S. The issues of antibiotic and anti-fungal resistance are serious problems that will require new answers for 21st century healthcare. If you’ve arrived here, you’ve probably been all over the internet looking for answers – the candida issue is a rabbit hole and a half- but hopefully you’ll find a few nuggets of wisdom here that help you along the way. According to the authors, such changes reflected an increase in host–bacterial interactions in the diseased state (Barnes et al. )

Candida Free

But almost exclusively, we’re using botanical, nutrient-based protocols. Following centrifugation, supernatant was divided into two aliquots for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and metabolome analysis. Absorbance was read in a spectrophotometer at 630 nm [13, 15, 18]. Fungi harbor powerful defense strategies that we have leveraged for our own anti-bacterial and commercial uses. I recommend the Candida Cleanse formula from Balance ONE that contains 8 natural antifungals in a delayed-release capsule. The cycle of antibiotic therapy may go on for months and months, and repetitious indiscriminate use of antibiotics destroys weak bacteria and sets up the stage for the more virulent bacteria to survive (as in survival of the fittest). Overall, it’s known to be an excellent booster to the immune system, and it can be found in some foods you may already enjoy on a regular basis.


However, the studies listed below should not be interpreted as supportive of any health benefit. The potentially pathogenic bacteria inactivated by monolaurin include Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Groups A, streptococci-gram-positive organisms, and some gram-negative organisms (Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Helicobacter pylori). Based on just working with hundreds of people and interacting with thousands of people on his blog, he has really realized, much like I have, that it’s just really hard to implement things that we talk about when it comes to healthy habits. Candida infection is a growing health problem and has increased significantly over the past 20 years.

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Those are both good choices. I think it’s important to sort of point out what I think you’re hinting at, which is that these diets—GAPS and SCD, which I’m a big fan of and have done a lot of work around—are not the solution. 75 μM, which is important to ensure the therapeutic safety level when considering in vivo studies as well as human clinical trials. The long chain saturated fats (which still have some health benefits too) are the ones that we most commonly think of when we hear “saturated fats”. Total RNA was converted into single-stranded cDNA using a high-capacity reverse transcription kit (QuantiTec Reverse Transcription Kit – Qiagen, Valencia, CA, United States).

Ok, so you’ve run the gauntlet of tests and believe you could be suffering from an issue with yeast.

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From the results of the previous studies [11] showed that 1-monolaurin can inhibit the formation of planktonic cells from other Staphylococcus groups, S. All mice were rendered immunosuppressed with cortisone acetate (225 mg/kg) and oral topical treatments were applied for 30 sec, 2x/ day for 5 days. The reason why you often see coconut oil recommended in natural flu and cold remedies is due to its lauric acid and monolaurin content. Thanks, as always, for listening. An increase in the concentration of SHL leaded to a reduction in the amount of beads. However, the effect of monolaurin on periodontopathogenic bacteria has yet to be determined. For a reliable anti-fungal, Nystatin seems to be the best option, both spray and pill form according to Dr, Nathan.

For example, concurrent infection with cytomegalovirus is recognized as a serious complication for HIV positive individuals (Macallan et al 1993). They become food for the fungal overgrowth or bacterial overgrowth. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Samples for metabolome analysis were treated as described by Silva et al.

Their reviews do not represent the opinions of SelfHacked. Speak with your health care provider before taking supplements containing this compound if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, have a medical condition or currently take any medication. I’m going to break this down into a few different categories. Given its ability to attack a broad range of viruses, monolaurin has been helpful in some cases of chronic fatigue syndrome.

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Use a few drops in a capsule and take with food. Their structural differences need to be emphasized. Then, the metabolites were compared with the standard library for proper identification (Fiehn and Kind, 2020). Coconut oil is 48% lauric acid, which is valued for its use in the food and health supplement industries.


The active and effective ingredients are alcohol and menthol. Therefore, swabs and cultures often show up negative. SAP proteins are often associated with virulence factors able to elicit a destructive effect on the host tissue during mucosal infections, as they facilitate hyphal invasion and activate the degradation of E-cadherin, a major protein present in epithelial cell junction [24, 25]. Truss’ paper is especially appealing because it offers multiple theories of Candida causes, rather than one uniform/dogmatic rule. RM conceived and designed the experiments, contributed to reagents, materials, and analysis tools, performed the experiments, analyzed and critically reviewed the data. So, disrupting the biofilm can be very helpful. In stubborn cases this may be increased.

For HGF-1 the LD 50 was 146 μM of monolaurin and for OBA-9 the LD 50 was 69 μM of monolaurin.


Multiple applications and keeping the area dry are necessary. Std? find more information, that’s not the only thing that makes chlamydia an insidious STD, either:. Lots going on. When necessary, I do use pharmaceutical antibiotics, but mixtures of herbal antimicrobials can be effective: Oral fungal infection in vivo was performed using bioluminescent engineered C. But when we have a patient that has fungal overgrowth or SIBO, we absolutely, without exception, will use antimicrobials. The rule to go by here is you should have one bowel movement per meal you eat minimum. Monolaurin also shows promising effects against bacteria (both gram-positive and gram-negative), yeast, fungi, and protozoa. The breadth of bacterial diversity in the human periodontal pocket and other oral sites.

Microplates were maintained in a humidified incubator at 37°C and 5% CO 2. Once again, Candida is a normal (yes, normal) resident of the digestive tract, a fact that eludes a lot of people in the alternative medicine world. This release of toxins causes the host to feel ill, and the symptoms can be flu-like ranging from a slight fever with alternating chills, fatigue, and brain fog. According to Aimetti (2020), non-surgical periodontal treatments possess limitations, such as the long-term maintainability of deep periodontal pockets, risk of disease recurrence, and skill of the operator. The protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia is killed by monoglycerides from hydrolyzed human milk (Hemell et al 1986, Reiner et al 1986, Crouch et al 1991, Isaacs et al 1991). Manufacturing :

According to this theory, when large numbers of infecting organisms die quickly, these microbes give off toxins as they die [55]. (5–1,000 μM) was added to the cell cultures and incubated at 37°C and 5% CO 2. Topic contents, in most cases, antifungal medicines are the go-to remedy. Antibiotic after antibiotic for IBD. We see the fungal markers and the bacterial markers changing and going away. Up to 80 percent of your immune cells are found in your gut, so this is the best place to focus your efforts!

  • Animal models challenged with P.
  • Furthermore, gene expressions of host inflammatory response, IL-1β and IL-1α, were significantly downregulated after exposure to curcumin.
  • Control group is oral cell co-culture inoculated with A.
  • Until now few nutritionists in mainstream nutrition community seem to have recognized the added benefit of antimicrobial lipids in the support of infected patients.

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Monolaurin is not the type of nutritional supplement you have to take on a daily basis but only when the need arises. It’s important to note that Kabara has a vested interest in selling his supplements, so his information may not be reliable. Although a culture might come back negative, the microbes in a biofilm could still be pumping out toxins that cause illness. This article looks at the potential benefits and side effects of monolaurin. We start with botanicals. There, the Candida produces biotoxins like aldehydes and alcohol that can lead to fatigue, muscle aches, brain fog, dizziness, dysuria, chronic sinusitis, and itching. Colloidal silver is effective at treating topical biofilms, such as in wound dressings (31, 32). After 24 h, the medium was discarded, cells were washed with room temperature phosphate buffered saline (PBS) (Lonza, Walkersville, MD, United States), and fresh, room temperature medium was added with resazurin (Cell Titer Blue Viability Assay – Promega Corp. )

Monolaurin is found in coconut oil and may be similar to other monoglycerides found in human breast milk. Not only does Lauricidin® not produce resistance but also it is known to help resistant organisms from forming. The 1% ethanol was used as vehicle control, and fluconazole (1 mg/ml) served as a positive control. What’s actually going on, oregano can also disrupt good bacteria so although this is a great natural remedy for Candida it should not be taken long term. This means developing scars or discoloration left in the area of the sore is less likely. If it causes irritation (burning) to one’s leaky gut, use the other options instead. This creates an opportunity for bacteria to attach to the surface and begin their biofilm construction.

This shows that 1-monolaurin does not have the effect of inhibiting or killing planktonic cells of S. Is monolaurin an antiviral? The medium was replaced, and C. You can also find monolaurin as part of multi-ingredient antiviral supplements. In the biofilm assay, ten times of MIC concentration (62. )In this study, we used C. LP conceived and designed the experiments, contributed to reagents, materials, and analysis tools, analyzed and critically reviewed the data. In addition, the results of the kill-kinetic studies showed that SHL nanofibers loaded with ML exhibited an excellent antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, while Escherichia coli was less affected due to the hydrophilic structure of the its outer membrane.

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3553), IL-6 (Qiagen Gene ID#: Pharmacopeia, NSF International, or ConsumerLab. In this section, we want to highlight an interesting paper, titled Restoration of Immunologic Competence to Candida Albicans, written by C. Amy schumer shares her fun and free parenting hack, although rare, oral thrush can spread to other organs of the body, but this is usually limited to immunocompromised individuals. Some authors relate this cytokine to the destruction of periodontal tissue by favoring the accumulation of inflammatory cells and by activating and releasing inflammatory mediators that in turn accentuate the response to periodontal disease (de Lima Oliveira et al. )Besides, a study conducted by Tangwathcharin [20] showed that compound 1-monolaurin required a concentration of 100 μg/mL to kill S. It’s also true that Candida infection is over-diagnosed, especially when no lab testing is used to come to this diagnosis.

Candida releases over 70 different toxins. This will help prevent any of the antibiotic properties in your antifungals killing off the probiotics, and therefore maximizing the chance for your probiotics to colonise your gut. Candida also uses ethanol as a quick fuel source, and they create toxic metabolites when they use it. Cell viability was measured by the fluorometric method (Cell Titer Blue, Promega Corp, Madison, WI) in a SpectraMax M5 microplate reader (Molecular Devices Sunnyvale, CA) with 550 nm (Ex)/585 nm (Em) wavelength [17].

7 Mast cells don’t just release histamine, they release an inflammatory cocktail of immune cells to combat invaders.

Monolaurin is quite bitter. It helps to create a daily schedule. How do you cure Candida? Kabara discovered monolaurin and markets it under the brand name Lauricidin. Other promising enzymes include proteases, plasmin, and streptokinase (24).

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” Because one of the tenets of functional medicine is you have to address the underlying cause of a problem in order to get the best result long term. Also avoid beans, soy, and legumes. We’ve covered IBS, mold illness and chronic fatigue, prostate issues, UTI, uric acid, and more. (5 µM and 125 µM) were tested because biofilms have a denser network of yeasts and hyphal population that are more resistant to drug diffusion than to planktonic counterparts. Talk to your health care provider if you feel unsure about the right dosage fro you.

There’s a big difference between antifungals and antibiotics.