Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Treatments, Home Remedies & Causes

If you are pregnant, thrush will not harm your baby. Symptoms that suggest thrush is severe include: Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk. Sometimes your provider may recommend putting a vaginal yeast cream on the area around the outside of the vagina if the area is red, swollen, and itchy. In some cases, yeast infections that don't go away are an early sign of HIV infection.

If you suffer from recurring yeast infections a few times a year, it's probably OK to use these over-the-counter medications as treatment -- but you should still talk to your health care provider just to be safe. Uncontrolled diabetes. Treating a yeast infection is simple. If you have to take antibiotics and are getting lots of yeast infections, talk to your health care provider about using an anti-yeast cream or pill. They will also need to be tested and treated if necessary. Here's are the best ways to prevent and treat yeast infections.

  • But vaginal yeast infections are very common in women.
  • In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva.
  • They’ll then use an instrument called a speculum to gently open your vagina, allowing them to look and examine inside.
  • The doctor diagnosed Angela with a yeast infection.
  • Side effects can include nausea, headaches, and belly pain.
  • For example, if the infection is a different kind, such as bacterial vaginosis (the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge), rather than thrush.

Ohmit SE, Sobel JD, Schuman P, et al. As a person’s immune system gets weaker and their CD4 count drops below 350 cells/mL, they become more prone to getting a yeast infection and the infection may be more severe. Actually, yes. It is not easy to control and often comes back in uncircumcised males. A woman may also get a yeast infection as a result of: Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with medicines such as pills or creams, ovules, or ointments. Find a Health Center A right arrow in a circle Zip, City, or State We couldn't access your location, please search for a location. Most of the vaginal treatments are available as creams, vaginal tablets, or suppositories.

They can be taken by mouth or inserted into the vagina as a cream or gel. It is also complicated if coupled with pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes, poor immune function, or the thrush is not caused by Candida albicans. The vaginal discharge usually is white, lumpy, and has no odor. Some women don’t notice them at all, Dr. Having many vaginal yeast infections may be a sign of other health problems. Sometimes the number of candida increases. What can cause vaginitis? In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime.

Wear pantyhose with a cotton crotch.

What Are The Symptoms Of Vaginal Yeast Infections?

Strong fish-like odor, especially after sex. It's on our skin; it can be cultured from any place. What causes thrush? How is thrush diagnosed ? Treatment will depend on the cause of the vaginitis. Any discharge you have does not smell and is white or creamy. Candidal vulvovaginitis in pregnancy should be treated with intravaginal clotrimazole or nystatin for at least 7 days.

Yeast Infections

These symptoms are more likely to occur during the week before your menstrual period. This is called thrush. Avoid using douches, perfumed soaps, feminine sprays, feminine hygiene deodorants, or scented pads or tampons, and don't take bubble baths. Although the symptoms of these infections can be very similar, there are some differences to look for in the color and smell of the discharge.

  • When you are given antibiotics by your provider, take them as directed.
  • Ask your doctor for more information regarding the differences between a yeast infection and a UTI.
  • Sex may be uncomfortable or painful.
  • Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare.
  • Avoid frequent or prolonged use of oral antibiotics, if possible.

If I have a yeast infection, does my sexual partner need to be treated?

Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup. Yeast infections are most likely to be noticeable just before or just after your menstrual period. Yeast infections may also be presented in other folds of the skin, such as under the armpits. Published by RelayHealth. So can certain medicines, including some birth control pills and steroids. Otherwise, use a water-soluble lubricating jelly (such as K-Y Jelly) to reduce irritation. A vaginal culture. It’s possible that your warts may go away on their own, after a few months.

It usually first appears as creamy white patches or sores on the tongue or mucous membranes of the mouth. If you use a cream or suppository to treat the infection, don't depend on a condom or diaphragm for birth control. Yeast infections can be vulvar (external) or vaginal (internal), so you might not be able to see inflamed, irritated, or abraded skin. Yeast infections occur when the balance of organisms in your vagina is upset, and the amount of yeast grows too much, causing an infection. 3 For most infections, the treatment is an antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of fluconazole taken by mouth. Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth and moist areas of skin.

Are Some Women More At Risk For Yeast Infections?

Treating a yeast infection is usually simple and straightforward with over-the-counter or prescription antifungal medication. Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). If symptoms continue after treatment, see your doctor.

Therefore, it may be best to wash just with water and unscented soap and not to douche the vagina. 2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. You’ll be advised to go to a sexual health clinic, if you haven’t done so already. Symptoms range from mild vaginal itching or burning to severe itching, swelling, and burning, accompanied by a white, watery or thick discharge. Services, a substantial number of other disorders can cause nail dystrophy, and some authors recommend obtaining a fungal culture before treatment. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor before treating it with a nonprescription antifungal cream. Control diabetes.

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Regardless of which product you choose, you should begin to experience some symptom relief after 3 days, and complete relief in 7 days. If you are in a sexual relationship, there is no need to treat your partner too unless they also have symptoms. Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections.

While it's not considered an STD, as previously mentioned, having unprotected sex while you're dealing with an infection can lead to an itchy rash on your guy's penis. Treatments for complicated infections include:, none of the penicillin resistant strains produced beta-lactamase. The most common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include: A healthy vagina has many bacteria and a small number of yeast cells.

A test to see how acidic the vagina is (a pH test). Thrush 24200 glass pack muffler, however, I do not want to go obnoxiously loud or do an. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. When they cause an infection in the vagina, it is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. Recurrent vaginal yeast infections tend to involve non– C. Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots.

  • These symptoms may include itching, rash or irritation of the penis.
  • We all have millions of germs living inside us all the time.

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DePree, but if you feel like all of a sudden there's a down-there itch you just can't scratch or you constantly have the urge to grab your junk like some skater bro, a yeast infection could be to blame. For example, bacterial vaginosis may have similar symptoms, but it's a condition that must be treated with prescription medicine. Some common symptoms include:

Yeast infections can develop both inside the vagina and on the external tissue called the vulva. Your gym clothes may be to blame. Treatments help to remove the warts, but they can’t get rid of the virus. Treatment may take from 1 to 7 days days. Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle.

It is not intended to replace the diagnosis or treatment by a qualified healthcare professional. Yeast infections often cause thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell (or only smells slightly different than normal). It can make it hard or painful to swallow. Be aware that thrush is more likely if you take antibiotics for other conditions. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. Even if you do your best to prevent a yeast infection, you can still get one. If things are tingling downstairs in a not-so-pleasant fashion, the Mayo Clinic says this is a common symptom of an active yeast infection.

After Treatment

Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2020. If you have diabetes, be sure your blood sugar is under control. Who to see Health professionals who can diagnose and treat a vaginal yeast infection include: How do you prevent vaginal thrush? Up to half of women with trichomoniasis don't have any symptoms.

Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection?

If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection. Being overweight. When this yeast increases it can cause an infection. Have treated yourself with a thrush treatment from the chemist, but your symptoms have not gone away. It’s a good idea to do a patch test on a small area of skin before applying them to larger areas of the body. Journal of Infectious Diseases. With this, itching and redness occur in the outer genital area without other symptoms. The main symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor.

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Seven in 10 women and half of men with chlamydia don't have any symptoms. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. Ethics statement, the rapid loss of myeloid cells shortly after the onset of infection if a functional IL-23 pathway is missing suggests that the dying/dead myeloid cells are rapidly removed from the site of infection. While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions. Have lower tummy (abdominal) pain.

Ask your health care provider (HCP) if you should be checked for the other types if your symptoms do not get better. Tests like Monistat's Vaginal Health Test are sold over the counter, and they check your vaginal pH to help you distinguish whether something's a yeast or bacterial infection. Focus, antibiotic use can disturb the balance of natural flora and can cause an over growth of yeast. It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. Too much sugar can up your risk.


Changes in hormone levels, which can occur during pregnancy, menstrual periods, or while taking birth control pills, can also alter the vaginal environment and favor fungal overgrowth. Vaginal discharge that is usually white, thick, clumpy, and odorless. Nylon underwear, pantyhose, and other synthetic materials that trap moisture also make yeast infections more likely. Antibiotic use.

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Treatment for yeast infections include: These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area. Application methods and length of treatment will depend on the brand you choose. Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling.

Lots of women have chlamydia without knowing it. To prevent yeast infections, Womenshealth. When you have your period, change your pads and tampons frequently. 2 An estimated 1. Some studies show a link between chronic stress and vaginal yeast infections. A vaginal yeast infection causes itching and burning of the vulva – the external area of the vagina – and pain during sex, while also producing a white, lumpy, odorless discharge. In addition, a proper examination will allow the doctor to rule out serious medical causes such as cervical infection, sexually transmitted disease or uncontrolled diabetes.

What Are Yeast Infection Symptoms?

There may also be soreness of the vulva. Redness (erythema) - usually around the vagina and vulva, but may extend to the labia majora and perineum. OTC and Prescription Medications: This is an instrument to gently open your vagina; it is also used for smear tests. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Different types of vaginal infections can bring on similar symptoms, but have distinct treatments. So long as you're not experiencing symptoms that are causing you to be uncomfortable, it's okay if it's treated later. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections.

Tampons can absorb the medicine. Sex hormones coordinate neutrophil immunity in the vagina by controlling chemokine gradients. Not everyone has symptoms, but it can cause painful blisters around your genital area, and you may feel unwell with a headache and fever. It’s easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. How much you experience these symptoms ultimately depends on you. How are yeast infections diagnosed? Some anti-yeast vaginal creams are sold over the counter (without a prescription) in pharmacies.

Scratch marks (excoriation) on the vulva. How is it spread? Candida and the many other germs that normally live in the vagina keep each other in balance. Antibiotics may kill the normal harmless bacteria in the vagina which help to defend against Candida spp. What is the cause? Yeast particularly loves to eat glucose so when a woman's blood glucose levels are high, she is more likely to suffer ongoing yeast infections. What treatments are available for vaginal yeast infection? A smelly or coloured discharge.

What Causes Vaginal Thrush?

There are many underlying risk factors of a yeast infection, with sexual intercourse being just one of them. This is done to stop the symptoms from developing, or if you get a lot of infections you may be told that you need to take oral pills for up to 6 months. Citations, using corticosteroids, such as prednisone. Don't take leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine.

If this is the first time you have had vaginal symptoms, you should see your health care professional. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms for the first time, consult your healthcare professional for a diagnosis. Yogurt tampon, vaginal itching usually gets worse the longer you have the infection. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain. Many women get yeast infections—in fact, most will get at least one at some point in their lives. Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the UK, but rates are dropping now that girls are routinely offered vaccination against HPV. For one woman who's really sensitive, a small colonization can cause a lot of itching and burning. Healthy snacks for the workplace vending machine, occasionally there are no apparent symptoms. One option is a one-time treatment of a prescription or an over-the-counter medication such as butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3), and terconazole (Terazol 3).

It doesn't help that fungus thrives in warm, moist environments (like your vagina), so it's important that you start treating a yeast infection right away before your symptoms get worse.


Vaginal candidiasis is usually treated with antifungal medicine. It’s also possible that the yeast infection is purely coincidental. The inconvenient truth about your "authentic" self, it wasn’t until I met Naturopath Ann Boroch, that things started to shift for me and I started feeling better, less bloated and losing weight. It’s easy to simply reach for the anti-fungal treatments at the first sign of irritation — and usually this does do the trick. You'll probably get more after having babies. Copyright ©2020 McKesson Corporation and/or one of its subsidiaries. However, if you have assumed you have thrush and you have had treatment, but the symptoms have not gone away, you may need to have tests.

You are not sure that you have a yeast infection. Recurring vaginal yeast infections can be difficult to prevent or cure. Your health care professional also may suggest other tests. A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes burning, itchiness and a thick white cottage cheese-like discharge. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you. Do not take these treatments if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. They are often less expensive than brand-name medicines. What are the risk factors for yeast infection?

Lose weight if you are overweight. He or she will also give you a physical exam. Other vaginal infections and discharges can be mistaken for a vaginal yeast infection. What’s up with that? Change pads or tampons often.

So even if you think you know everything there is to know about yeast infections, read on.

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MONISTAT® comes in 3 doses: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat dairy products. A woman is more likely to get yeast infections if she is pregnant or has diabetes.


The yeast can then overgrow. Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash. What if the treatment doesn't work? Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection. Yeast infection in men While vaginal yeast infections are more common, it’s possible for men to get yeast infections, too. Women who have diabetes​ are more likely to experience recurrent yeast infections, since elevated blood sugars appear in the mucus of the vagina and vulva, encouraging yeast growth.

There is some relationship between thrush and the female hormone oestrogen. Most women have one or more of these yeast infection symptoms: If you have a severe infection and have a weak immune system, you may need to take an oral anti-yeast medicine. As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives.

UTI Another common infection in women is a urinary tract infection (UTI). With this you may have: It's estimated that three out of four women will experience at least one in her lifetime. This can happen because of hormones, medicines, or changes in the immune system. The symptoms of a yeast infection can be similar to other common vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, so talking to a healthcare provider is a good idea to make sure the proper treatment is provided.

  • The oil in antifungal creams or suppositories can weaken latex.
  • These infections may take weeks to completely treat.
  • This would be subjective depending on the woman, says Dr.
  • You can either go to a health care provider to get an evaluation or try an over-the-counter yeast infection product, such as Gyne-Lotrimin, Mycelex, Gynezol, Femstat, Monistat or Vagistat-1.
  • Any upset to the balance of bacteria in the vagina also can lead to a yeast infection including antibiotic use, stress, lack of sleep, pregnancy and even menstrual periods.
  • Take a shower instead of a bath.

Yeast Infection (vaginal)

Thrush isn’t a sexually transmitted infection, but it can be triggered by sex. For another, it takes a larger buildup of yeast to cause those symptoms. This discharge is frequently clear, and watery in consistency. It’s important that any of your current or recent partners are tested and treated if necessary. Or it could be related to hormone changes, or problems with your immune system. You may be completely unaware, but your vagina is host to an entire ecosystem of living organisms – yeast and bacteria.

Superficial skin infection is a common location for this fungal infection. Guys can get an infection of the head of the penis that is caused by the same candida that causes vaginal infections in girls. 2020 Feb 1;213(3):


There’s no cure for herpes; once you’re infected, the virus remains in your body. Have symptoms that are not entirely the same as a previous bout of thrush. However, if the balance is disrupted by any number of things—sex, antibiotics, stress, even diet—one group can overrun the other and your vagina pays the price in the form of an infection. Side effects from these pills are rare with one treatment dose. Every time I’m on antibiotics, I get a yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infections occur when new yeast is introduced into the vaginal area, or when there is an increase in the quantity of yeast already present in the vagina relative to the quantity of normal bacteria. Dental care, you might have to dilute like you do with oregano oil. 2020 Mar;289(3): A sample of vaginal discharge can be taken during a wet mount test.

Do I Need to See a Doctor? Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: You may be asked to provide a sample of urine. There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. What is vaginitis?

These can become infected with other germs.