Yeast Infection: Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Because of that, Mason says they could experience an itching or burning sensation, redness, and small white spots on the skin. Yeast infections are most likely to occur in women during the final days leading up to their period. How is it spread?

A thorough history should include questions about the nature, quantity and color of the discharge, as well as about irritation, itching, burning and dyspareunia. Your GP or sexual health clinic can help identify if something is causing your thrush, such as your period or sex. Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle. Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections.

Intense vaginal itching.

Are not pregnant. In addition to Reed, study authors include Philip Zazove, M. Keep your vaginal area clean.

(4) Oral Candidiasis (Thrush). Laboratory tests are usually ordered if an infection does not go away or keeps returning. AZO Yeast® Plus is the leading product that provides both yeast and vaginal infection symptom relief in one convenient pill.

In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva. Male yeast infection This type is rare and is transmitted during unprotected sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. An oral medication may be needed if your baby has oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). If things are tingling downstairs in a not-so-pleasant fashion, the Mayo Clinic says this is a common symptom of an active yeast infection.

  • To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam.
  • The MONISTAT® 1 Ovule® Treatment on the other hand, begins to relieve symptoms in 4 hours because it works at the site of the infection.
  • The treatments available over the counter are comparable in terms of efficacy to what you can get with a prescription.
  • If the symptoms don’t go away after treatment, it may be a different kind of infection and should be checked by a healthcare provider.
  • Peeing is super painful.
  • See your doctor if the symptoms persist.
  • While a nuisance, early treatment can help clear up your yeast infection before your period starts.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection?

You doctor will then conduct a gynecological exam to check for redness, swelling, discharge, and odor. Data, though, is actually lacking to determine the true rate of vaginal yeast infections (4). Over-the-counter Monistat treatment is as good for an isolated episode as one pill of fluconazole, which is the standard for a single yeast infection episode. For some women, they severe itchiness is indication enough that something is wrong down there, but other women have different symptoms that doesn't always make it clear about what exactly is going on.

There may be burning, irritation, redness, and swelling of the vulva.

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If there's no "white, curd-like stuff in the folds of her skin," then red, itchy skin might just be a sign of a rash instead of a yeast infection, Amanda G. If the balance of these microorganisms becomes upset, C albicans may be allowed to grow uncontrollably and lead to symptoms. Department of Health and Human Services, making this a pretty common issue women grapple with. The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast. Simple changes in daily routines can help prevent future vaginal yeast infections. Things that may encourage an excess growth of vaginal yeast include: Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy.


In most women it's going to be Candida albicans, which is the most common cause of yeast infections in general and also the most common cause of recurrent yeast infections. Avoid scratching, because this can cause breaks in the skin which can become infected. The use of probiotics in the vagina or by mouth along with using an antifungal medication may slightly increase the chance of curing a yeast infection, compared to using an antifungal medication alone (10). Are yeast infections contagious? If you have a weak immune system, treatment might be more difficult. You might also have a creamy, whitish coating in and around your vagina. Side effects from these pills are rare with one treatment dose.

Lab tests are usually ordered for women who have yeast infections on a regular basis or for infections that won’t go away. To help, we've summarized three common signs of a yeast infection, signaling it's time to see a doctor. How does it develop? Acute erythematous candidiasis usually occurs on the dorsum of the tongue in persons taking long term corticosteroids or antibiotics, but occasionally it can occur after only a few days of using a topical antibiotic. Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. For example, when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics (taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection) or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis). (5) Candida infection around the nails (Candidal Paronichia). What’s up with that?

Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infections

Strong fish-like odor, especially after sex. They didn't really have follow-up cultures. Not all these symptoms are present in every woman with a vaginal yeast infection. Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. You should always seek medical advice before consuming any new medicines or supplements.

Things to consider The risk of self-treatment is that your symptoms may be caused by a type of vaginal infection other than a yeast infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Three primary theories have been proposed to explain why some women develop RVVC. Sometimes, two to three doses of oral fluconazole may be recommended instead of direct vaginal therapy.

5 When considering the results of these studies, it is apparent that the best chance for making an accurate diagnosis remains with the clinician. Even though yeast infections can be really itchy, try not to scratch. “If you aren’t getting relief from the usual measures, or you aren’t quite sure of the diagnosis, it’s worth a trip to the office to get checked out,” says Dr. Vaginal intercourse, as well as penetration via sex toys and fingers, can all introduce bacteria. The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and burning of the area outside the vagina called the vulva. Itching and redness of the vulva can also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. Doctors often say it’s a good idea to change out of a wet suit or sweaty exercise clothes because yeast thrives in warm, wet environments.

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Physiologic discharge Chronic white discharge, unchanged with past therapies Mild acid odor Flocculent or thick white discharge Normal pH Normal microscopy Negative fungal culture None TABLE 1 Most Common Diagnoses Encountered at a Vaginitis Referral Center Diagnosis Symptoms Findings Treatment/comments Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis Itching Irritation Burning Dyspareunia Abnormal discharge Erythema of vulva and/or vagina Swelling of labia minora Vaginal thrush Normal pH Hyphae/blastospores on microscopy Positive fungal culture Treatment depends on species of infecting organism; see text for full discussion. Yeast can grow out of check when a person is stressed, has recently used antibiotics or has a weakened immune system. These are available in pharmacies and health stores, or online. I think the issue is that there are loads of women out there self-treating for yeast infection who don't have it at all. How common is it for a woman to try an alternative therapy at home before she goes to the doctor? At the two-week and one-month visits, none of the women had symptoms of a yeast infection. The women received treatment for their initial infection and were asked to return for follow-up visits after two weeks, four weeks, six months and a year. The health condition is so, err, popular because every woman naturally has yeast (aka candida) brewing in their vaginas.

Vaginal Yeast Infection

Most women experience at least two infections. When in balance, they live in perfect harmony causing you no distress. But it's mostly important for women who suffer from recurrent episodes rather than the general population. And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break. While the pill is less messy, the creams start relieving symptoms faster.

You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: Young girls who haven't gone through puberty yet are less likely to get yeast infections, but they can happen. Sometimes there is pain during urination. Related, vaginal infections may also be painless and long lasting. This article explores eight home remedies for a yeast infection to help people find what works best for them. Depending on the product, the treatment may be for external or internal use and treat the infection with: After that, you’ll know exactly what to watch out for, and your doc may give you the all clear to self-treat your next one with an over-the-counter antifungal, like Monistat or generic clotrimazole. They might be the wrong choice for your condition, and taking antibiotics when they're not needed can make yeast infections more likely. Vaginal discharge that is usually white, thick, clumpy, and odorless.

An infection will often arise after treatment with oral antibiotics, which kill the protective bacteria and allow the fungus to survive and flourish. Can boric acid be toxic if used at too high of a dose? This can be a tablet you take, a tablet you insert into your vagina (pessary) or a cream to relieve the irritation. Red, irritated skin around the opening to the vagina (labia). The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control.


Babies born to a mother with a vaginal yeast infection can get a mouth infection (thrush). Thrush should clear up within a week, after 1 dose of medicine or using the cream daily. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. Lopez JEM (2020). There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. A yeast infection can cause swelling of the vulva, which can make penetration particularly painful. Candida is a yeast (a type of fungus) commonly found on the skin and in the body, including the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina. Treatment for vagina thrush using antifungal medication is ineffective in up to 20% of cases.

Because of this, the American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that, for a first episode of a possible yeast infection, women see a physician to get a proper diagnosis. Six possible causes of symptoms that may masquerade as yeast infections include: Women tend to be more likely to get vaginal yeast infections if their bodies are under stress from poor diet, lack of sleep, illness, or when they are pregnant or taking antibiotics. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor. Vaginal lubricants or a small dose of estrogen can help in this case. Some studies suggest that the use of pads and tampons, or wearing tight synthetic clothing increases the risk for yeast infections, while other studies suggest there is no link between these and yeast infections (2,5). Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office on Women's Health: