Yeast Infections (Vaginal & Others): Everything You Need to Know

The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is in the body. Intravaginal cream is normally used once. Tell us what you think! Oral thrush can cause white or yellow patches on the tongue, mouth, or throat. This includes brushing and flossing your teeth every day and using mouthwash as needed. These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in:

  • This can also be accompanied by itching or burning in the vaginal and genital area.
  • Have an unusual vaginal discharge, and this is the first time you have had an infection that might be a vaginal yeast infection.
  • Other anti-yeast vaginal creams need a prescription.

Women with recurrent or severe vaginal yeast infections; diabetes; compromised immune systems; infections caused by a species of yeast other than C. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen. Be sure to see your doctor the first time you have symptoms of a yeast infection. The latest in yeast infection, candida can live harmlessly in the vagina, but most women will have symptoms from a vaginal yeast infection at some point during their life. If you're experiencing any of the yeast infection symptoms below, it's time to take action. Both can make yeast infections more likely.

Vaginitis is not a bad problem but it often has to be treated with medicine. Change out of wet clothing and swimsuits right away. It can take 1-2 days before someone feels relief from their symptoms. Warmed coconut oil can also be used as a carrier oil for more powerful antifungal essential oils, including tea tree oil or oil of oregano. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat dairy products. The foreboding term UTI is often used to talk about bladder infections, but it’s actually an umbrella term for an infection that can occur in any part of the urinary tract, which includes your kidneys, ureters (tubes that move urine from the kidneys into the bladder), urethra, and bladder.

  • In men—especially uncircumcised men—yeast infections can cause a rash on the head of the penis.
  • Nearly 87 percent reported an improvement in their symptoms.
  • Some anti-yeast vaginal creams are sold over the counter (without a prescription) in pharmacies.
  • Have unusual vaginal itching.
  • It's not uncommon to have a second yeast infection, although it's rare to have repeated infections.
  • People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections, however, and may need to be hospitalized.

Here’s The Deal With Yeast Infections.

For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit familydoctor. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. Other signs are burning, redness, and irritation of the vaginal area.

If you have a disease, like HIV or AIDS, your medications can suppress your immune system. Things to consider The risk of self-treatment is that your symptoms may be caused by a type of vaginal infection other than a yeast infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). One type of fungus—more specifically, yeast (a type of fungus)—that you have living in your mouth, digestive tract and vagina is candida. If your vaginal symptoms are not typical of a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can look for signs of yeast or other organisms using a wet mount test of vaginal discharge. How can a yeast infection occur under my denture? There does, however, seem to be two distinct types of patients with this condition. But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells can multiply. Some doctors recommend adding yogurt and/or cranberry juice to the diet to help restore a normal vaginal environment that will not favor the overgrowth of fungus.

  • Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans.
  • Alternatively, it can be applied to a tampon before insertion.
  • Your doctor will advise you in detail about what is involved.
  • Among the complications include fertility issues and premature delivery (if you get infected while pregnant), and a higher risk of contracting STIs.
  • Options include prescription lozenges and liquids or antifungal pills.
  • Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl’s blood sugar is high.


Yeast grows best in a warm, moist environment: Yeast infections are not sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but sex can lead to a yeast infection, as intercourse can cause small breaks in the skin that allow more yeast to grow. You may be able to tell the condition is more than just a diaper rash if your baby’s skin is extremely red and has spots in the diaper/groin area, despite using diaper rash cream. Medical conditions that can cause a complicated yeast infection include pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, having a weakened immune system, and the presence of an alternate Candida fungus, as opposed to Candida albicans. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. Better diagnosis, some yeast types are important in baking and brewing (baker's yeast, brewer's yeast). If you’re using a vaginal treatment, you should abstain from sex until the infection has been completely treated — these medications can weaken condoms and diaphragms.

If you’re having recurring yeast infections or problems getting rid of a yeast infection with conventional treatment, then a different version of Candida might be the cause. Soothe sciatica and lower back pain with these 10 easy yoga poses. If your symptoms don’t improve, it’s time to go to the doctor. These aim to restore the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina.

This can then lead to diaper rash and oral thrush in your baby. If you develop a lot of the fungus in your mouth, it’s called thrush. What is yeast? what is a yeast infection? Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious.

  • A woman who sees her doctor about vaginal symptoms can expect to have a pelvic exam.
  • These may be especially useful for women with recurrent infections.

Home Treatment

In longstanding infection, the area underneath the nail may turn white or yellow, and the nail plate may separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). A secondary bacterial infection can happen, so monitor for spreading redness, or swelling, or pain. These can be treated with anti-yeast powders.

A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain.

How do I treat yeast infections? A yeast infection during pregnancy isn’t always treated in the same way as in nonpregnant women. Vaginal yeast infections are very common and happen to over 1 million women in the United States every year. The same reason, overgrowth of Candida, causes a yeast infection (thrush) while breastfeeding but it is different.

If needed, your doctor might order a vaginal fluid test. Additional research, your immune system and the healthy bacteria in your gut normally keep your levels low. Yeast infections typically produce a thick, white vaginal discharge that’s often described as having a curd-like consistency that resembles cottage cheese. Candida is present in healthy women and if it overgrows a yeast infection can result. There are over-the-counter creams that you can use on your vulva to help calm the irritation.

How To Treat Vaginal Thrush

To help avoid them, follow your doctor's advice, wear cotton underwear, and try to wear loose-fitting clothes. Sore nipples unrelated to breastfeeding, shiny, itchy, flaked or cracked nipples, blistered nipples, achy breasts and shooting breast pain during or after your feedings. Requires a prescription. Women who have not had a yeast infection before are encouraged to see a doctor for diagnosis before taking any treatments to ensure a sexually transmitted infection is not being self-diagnosed as a yeast infection.

Treating a yeast infection is usually simple and straightforward with over-the-counter or prescription antifungal medication. Editorial sources and fact-checking, women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. Vaginal discharge. Is the condition contagious? BV is said to have a strong fishy odor too. Yeast naturally lives on the skin and in the body of humans. Symptoms of a yeast infection include a thick, white vaginal discharge, itching, burning and redness.

This can cause irritation and sweating in the vaginal area. What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?, some men with diabetes may experience more severe symptoms like fluid buildup, penis ulcers, and fissuring (split or crack resulting in a narrow opening) of the foreskin. These fabrics may create too much warmth and moisture from sweating. It’s important to know that the creams may weaken latex condoms, causing them to break.


There are two ways to cure a yeast infection—vaginally (an over-the-counter or prescription topical treatment) and orally (a pill, only available by prescription). While treating this infection, good bacteria in the vagina is killed. These infections are the second most common cause of vaginitis. What is bacterial vaginosis?, brand names include Amoxil and Moxatag. It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. Volatile oils, the candida tea also tastes great when it is cold, which makes it a great fit for the summer. To check for a vaginal yeast infection, your health care provider looks for signs of infection and collects a sample of vaginal fluid for lab tests.

If Thrush Keeps Coming Back

These infections do not involve the fallopian tubes or uterus, and therefore do not interfere with fertility. Scratching the vaginal area can leave open or raw areas. Chronic thrush may be a sign of an immune deficiency, such as HIV. Oral yeast infections often affect babies under one year of age because their immune systems are not fully developed or may be weakened after receiving antibiotics for a bacterial infection. This overgrowth results from a change in the acidic environment in the vagina, allowing the Candida to grow unchecked by protective bacteria. When yeast is the culprit of a diaper rash, it will have a distinctive appearance.

Yeast infections are simple to diagnose. What treatments and home remedies cure yeast infections?, candida breeds or proliferates in a high-moisture environment, and tampons and pads may keep excess moisture in them, allowing the yeast to grow, resulting in an infection. A yeast infection is a treatable medical condition caused by an overgrowth of yeast in the body. Small cuts or tiny cracks in the skin of the vulva because of friable skin in the area. Call your doctor immediately if you: Although penetrative sex is not dangerous during the treatment of a yeast infection, it’s better to abstain. Some women may also find that they are more susceptible to yeast infections around their menstrual periods. Sexual activity and irritation of the vagina also seem to encourage yeast to grow.

Related Health Topics

Symptoms of infection of the male genitalia (balanitis thrush) include red skin around the head of the penis, swelling, irritation, itchiness and soreness of the head of the penis, thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskin, unpleasant odour, difficulty retracting the foreskin (phimosis), and pain when passing urine or during sex. A sample of vaginal discharge may be sent to a laboratory to confirm the diagnosis. Women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who: When the reaction causes irritation, that can set the stage for a yeast infection. Yeast infection is caused by yeast on the skin or mucous membranes. Yeast infections are usually caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida, also known as yeast.

Using antibiotics, oral contraceptive pills, and IUDs may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection for some people but not in others (5). Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. Some research reports that topically applied boric acid, along with the antifungal flucytosine, successfully treats approximately 70 percent of women. Most yeast infections last no more than seven days, depending on the type of medicine you use to treat your symptoms.

And after exercising, quickly change out of damp gear and into dry, looser fitting clothing. Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways. Thrush is commonly seen in infants. Once the patient is able to recognize the symptoms of a typical yeast infection, future infections can be treated using nonprescription vaginal antifungal medication, such as clotrimazole or miconazole. If the rash worsens at any time, or if the lesions do not clear in 1-2 weeks, call your doctor. Citations, " Another selling point:. Yeast infections are not known to cause any serious health problems.

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Use mild, unscented soap and water. With the advent of antibiotics following World War II, the rates of candidiasis increased. Avoid using soap when cleaning the vaginal area—rinse with water only. It’s also possible that the yeast infection is purely coincidental. Direct vaginal therapy or oral treatment. Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or deodorants, bath oils or salts, or scented sanitary pads or tampons. Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy.

Don’t treat yourself with over-the-counter yeast creams or suppositories. Both the vaginal and oral treatments have similar cure rates— around 80-90% (6,8). They will first collect a sample of vaginal discharge with a cotton swab, which will then be sent off to a lab for study under a microscope. You won’t be able to take oral antifungal medications due to possible birth defects. In addition to speaking with a doctor to determine if antibiotics are necessary, in some cases where taking them consistently leads to recurrent yeast infections, it may be advisable to take medication to treat or prevent yeast infections as well while on antibiotics. While search results show many are looking online for yeast infection home remedies, experts say the data doesn’t support the hope and hype. Warnings, however, it can also infect the cervix – herpetic cervicitis – and this is associated with an increased vaginal discharge. Have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would require a medical exam. Trichomoniasis usually is treated with a single dose of an antibiotic by mouth.

Here’s what’s up with UTIs.

What’s more, repeated use of antifungal medicines when you don’t have a yeast infection may make yeast resistant to treatment in the future. This change in your hormones can disrupt the balance of candida in the vagina. Although she had been nervous about seeing a doctor for such a personal reason, she was relieved to learn that yeast infections can be a side effect of taking antibiotics, and that treatment is simple and painless. Candidal sepsis is rare. Normally, candida doesn’t cause a problem.

Or if you’re taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill “good” bacteria that also live in the body and normally keep the growth of candida in the vagina in check. Control diabetes. This most typically involves the yeast Candida albicans, explains Dr. You can prevent some yeast infections by doing these things: Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy. Nurse practitioners. It is best to wait to have any kind of sex – oral, vaginal or anal – until you have taken all of your medicine and all of your symptoms have gone away.

But it’s still important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, since other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments.

When can I have sex again?

One good choice is cotton underwear. However, yeast infections can be confused with other vaginal issues like STIs, a skin allergy to latex or feminine hygiene products, a lack of estrogen in the vagina, or tears in the vagina, says Sherry A. Keep the genital area dry, clean, and cool.

Your health care professional also may suggest other tests. What does thrush look like? spotting the signs of oral thrush. There are over 150 Candida species, about 15 of which are known to cause infections if they multiply out of control. If you're pregnant, take care when using an applicator to insert a pessary or intravaginal cream, as there's a small risk of injuring your cervix (neck of the womb). Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately.

Some treatments can also weaken latex condoms and diaphragms (see above), so you may want to avoid having sex or use another form of contraception during treatment and for a few days afterwards. Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). Better diagnosis, however, not all cases are caused by sex, and many cases develop in men and women who are not sexually active. What factors increase the risk of getting a yeast infection? Usually the length of time your yeast infection is left untreated has a direct impact on how severe your symptoms may become. Your partner does not need to be treated. Increased estrogen levels. A prescription yeast infection medication taken by mouth.

Medical Encyclopedia

Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work. Who gets vaginal candidiasis? But taking a pill is convenient and is not messy. We offer a a four-year Doctor of Veterinary Medicine programs as well as M. A vaginal culture. Using scented sanitary products can irritate the vagina, and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina. An overgrowth of candida or penetration of the fungus into deeper vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection.