Avoid spermicidal condoms. However, the following people should not try to treat themselves: Vaginal thrush is a common yeast infection that affects most women at some point in their lives. Lack of oestrogen makes vulvovaginal candidiasis less common in younger and older postmenopausal women.

There is some relationship between thrush and the female hormone oestrogen. What if the treatment doesn't work? Many have thrush at a particular time of the month, specifically before menstruation. Yeast infection symptoms, this article explores eight home remedies for a yeast infection to help people find what works best for them. If you do suffer from recurrent thrush, your doctor may offer different treatment - see the separate leaflet called Treating Recurrent Thrush for more details.

  • See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends.
  • Barrier protection (condoms) should always be used when having sex with a partner whose previous sexual habits or partners are unknown.
  • The itching could be a sign that you are developing vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).
  • Seeing your doctor is the only way to know for sure if you have vaginal thrush.
  • See ‘how to treat vaginal thrush’ below for more information.

More often it is an overgrowth of the Candida yeast which is already there but not previously causing a problem. Routine blood tests don’t detect thrush. Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work.

If present, symptoms can include: As pharmacy assistants we need to ensure we follow strict protocols when dealing with customers who present in the pharmacy with symptoms relating to possible vaginal thrush. Thrush can develop following changes in lifestyle, health or habit. Thrush generally has no long-term health complications and is likely to resolve on its own. In many cases, yeast infections can be easily and successfully treated at home.

They can also advise you about the most suitable treatment and give you a prescription, if necessary.

Risk Factors

Nearly 87 percent reported an improvement in their symptoms. 5.2 probiotics, antioxidants repair tissues and reduce swelling and inflammation, which makes them an essential element in healing yeast infections or any other healing process. This is not yet certain, however. That’s 75% of the female population and generally aged between 20-40 years and 5% of those cases are reoccurring.

If women use the vaginal creams or pessaries, the cost over a six-month period would be around A$600.

What Triggers Thrush?

It was revised by Kirsten Braun and the Editorial Committee in March 2020 and July 2020. The discharge from thrush is usually creamy white and quite thick, but is sometimes watery. Consuming yoghurt or other products (e. )The hormone changes of pregnancy make thrush more likely. New to homeopathy? If you do, then pair it up with a few weeks of a good probiotic product that has a combination of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains listed on the bottle. (See the separate leaflet called Bacterial Vaginosis for more details.) Thrush is not sexually transmitted, so you do not need to avoid sex, though sex may be uncomfortable while you are infected. Considering a majority of those with chlamydia show no symptoms, asking the doctor to be tested for chlamydia while already at an appointment would be beneficial, especially if the woman feels she may be at risk (29). There is some evidence that yoghurt used in combination with honey improves the symptoms of thrush.

Boric acid should not be used during pregnancy. Ensure that every time you have a bowel motion you wipe from the front to the back (towards the anus). Try washing in warm, salty water to soothe the area and avoid using soaps, shower gels or bubble baths around the vaginal area. Most naturally occurring yeasts in the vagina are harmless, however an overgrowth of Candida albicans can lead to the unpleasant symptoms associated with thrush. Depending on the treatment of chosen creams and pessaries, they may be used from anywhere between 1-6 days and the whole course should be used for optimal results.

Loose-fitting clothing — avoid occlusive nylon pantyhose. You shouldn't use antifungal medicine more than twice in 6 months without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor. Use only water-based lubricants. If complications have occurred from the infection (e. )Antibiotics may kill the normal harmless bacteria in the vagina which help to defend against Candida spp. Candida infection can follow a course of antibiotics and is common in people with diabetes or low immunity, such as HIV infection. If you still have symptoms a week after starting treatment then see your doctor or nurse. How this works.

Capsules aren't recommended because they could harm your baby.

Patients & Visitors

However, remember a vaginal discharge or vulval itch can be due to a number of causes. Yeast infections, they then inserted one every third night for 3 weeks. Up to half of women self-medicating for thrush, have a different condition, such as lichen sclerosis (LS) or dermatitis (20). The exact opposite can happen too, where a man might develop a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. Vaginal thrush is part of the Think Pharmacy Minor Ailments Scheme so your local Pharmacist can recommend and prescribe treatment. Ointments and pessaries are available for this purpose. Yeast infections may also be presented in other folds of the skin, such as under the armpits. The risk of yeast infections may also be lessened by staying hydrated and urinating when the need arises, not holding it in. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply.

See Your Pharmacist or Medical Professional

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is caused by an overgrowth in bacteria which occur naturally in the vagina. Yogurt tampon, a low white blood cell count (WBC) has been associated with yeast overgrowth, as well as a high neutrophil and low lymphocyte count. Amiodarone and drugs which prolong the QT interval can interact with many antibiotics. You may also be more prone to recurring episodes (recurrent thrush) although some women develop repeated episodes of thrush with no obvious triggers. Dry the affected area properly DON’TS Don’t wear tight, restrictive or synthetic clothing (e. Opportunities, 39); total parenteral nutrition (OR = 2. )


Although thrush is treatable, using over-the-counter tablets, creams and pessaries, it often returns and can become a chronic problem which won't go away. This is NOT the case. If wearing sanitary pads, avoid the perfumed ones as the perfume may cause irritation, which may trigger a yeast infection. Warmed coconut oil can also be used as a carrier oil for more powerful antifungal essential oils, including tea tree oil or oil of oregano. Build up the immune system by following a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables. In some women, this may be a sign of iron deficiency, diabetes mellitus or an immune problem, and appropriate tests should be done. You can discuss your symptoms with your Unichem Pharmacist in private for advice.


Use soap substitutes such as water-based emollients. Avoiding using perfumed products around the vaginal area, such as soaps and shower gels, as these may cause further irritation. Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), commonly known as sexually transmitted disease (STD). Your vagina naturally has a certain amount of yeast. It occurs when an imbalance between the normal microorganisms in the vagina occurs, Candida overgrows and causes symptoms. If your baby is a fussy unhappy suckler, check the possibility of oral thrush. Best lightweight umbrella strollers, the number of cases of vaginal yeast infection is not entirely clear because it is not a reportable disease and it is commonly diagnosed clinically without laboratory confirmation. You can still have sex when you have vaginal thrush. Avoid using perfumed soaps and shower gels or other products which can irritate your skin.

This complex system includes your urethra, as well as your bladder and kidneys.

Accessibility Links

Thrush isn't usually anything to worry about in these cases, but we may want to take a swab from your vagina to confirm the diagnosis and/or carry out tests to check for any underlying cause. A thick, white, cheese-like vaginal discharge. If you have a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can prescribe treatment to clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week. They may infect their mother’s nipples causing nipple redness and soreness. The condition is best to be seen by a doctor. Why do I get thrush? In unclear cases, a smear of the vaginal mucous membrane is taken to identify the pathogens. Thrush is a yeast infection of the vagina caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans and affects 3 out of 4 women at least once in their lives.

Look over each area for anything that seems abnormal for you. 66% of those women who have suffered from vaginal thrush also tend to get it wrong when they self-diagnose as the symptoms of vaginal thrush, as they are very like those that are present with genital herpes and urinary tract infections. Candida yeast also causes infections in other moist areas of the body, including the mouth (oral thrush) and skin folds. The most commonly used treatments are yoghurt, vinegar, honey, garlic, essential oils (e. )A vaginal discharge is common but not always present. Recurrent thrush may be associated with a variety of other symptoms including irritable bowel syndrome, increased premenstrual tension, dry eyes, anal irritation, cystitis, fluid retention and dermatitis. Vaginal thrush is an infection of the vagina and/or vulva with a yeast germ called candida.

Candida yeast is normally harmless and resides in the vagina with a variety of other microbial organisms, including bacteria, which keep each other in balance. It only takes a few seconds and isn’t usually painful, though it may be uncomfortable for a moment. Alcohol should also be avoided as it may interfere with the effectiveness of the treatment. Topic contents, every woman’s vagina has a delicate balance of live bacteria and yeast cells. The best way to prevent thrush is to identify what triggers the condition for you.

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One place it targets is the genital area, which leads to pain, itching, and discharge. Candida albicans is a fungus that exists naturally in the vagina, mouth, bowel and elsewhere. This is how Debra (not her real name) described her extreme experience to me at a consultation. 8% Candida albicans and Candida glabrata: This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack. It may be unpleasant and uncomfortable.

Candida antigens can be presented to antigen-presenting cells, which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema. There are different ways you can do this: It was revised again by Bridget Dillon and the Editorial Committee in September 2020. Who gets thrush? These are not proven treatments and we shouldn’t recommend these to our customers to aid in their relief of their symptoms. Women should also avoid douching, using a tampon or vaginal medications (e. )Thrush can usually be treated with medication available from pharmacies.

This raises the sugar content in your blood and urine, which encourages the growth of yeast. It is reasonable to assume it is thrush if: Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection. He should see a doctor if he gets an itchy red rash on his penis. But that balance can be disrupted. Yeasts are a type of fungus. Spreading, you’re more likely to get a fungal nail infection if you have other fungal skin infections, such as athlete’s foot. Redness (erythema) - usually around the vagina and vulva, but may extend to the labia majora and perineum.

What Causes Vaginal Thrush?

So can certain medicines, including some birth control pills and steroids. Oral azoles may require a prescription. Avoid the following: In some cases, after 20 or 30 episodes, the infection can become resistant to standard drugs, leaving women with few treatment options. These can then be treated if needed.

Vaginitis (Web Page). Creams containing clotrimazole can be bought over the counter from pharmacies. Vaginal thrush can usually be diagnosed on the basis of its symptoms, but tests may be conducted to exclude other types of infection (e. )Around 50% of women with BV will be asymptomatic (experience no symptoms) (11). You can pass a yeast infection during oral or vaginal intercourse. Sea salt also heals and soothes the skin. Using home remedies or proper antifungals is recommended. Vaginal suppositories containing tea tree oil have been shown to treat vaginal fungal infections.

Homoeopathic medicines and supplements and good quality probiotics (including acidophilus and bifidus) are generally included.

Signs And Symptoms

Sometimes it’s possible for you to get the test result straight away. If the following symptoms or situations occur it is recommended to see the Doctor: There are a number of services you can go to.

A weak immune system: All are more or less equally effective. Taking a swab is an important step in obtaining a diagnosis. Immunocompromised individuals with VVT require routine antifungal treatment but for seven to forteen days. Factors that may cause a disruption in the balance of bacteria and yeast include:

The main types used to treat thrush are: People are usually asked to return to their health practitioner six weeks following treatment for tests to ensure the infection has been cleared. This is not as common as regular thrush and requires a different treatment. Most men do not experience any symptoms of the infection, but about 20 percent of partners of women with thrush have complained of a rash and burning sensation on the penis. Recurring thrush You might need to take treatment for longer (for up to 6 months) if you keep getting thrush (you get it more than twice in 6 months). Occasionally however, thrush can occur in post menopausal women if they have uncontrolled diabetes, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), severe chronic disease or if they use antibiotics, immuosuppressive agents or tamoxifen (a breast cancer drug). Apply hydrocortisone cream intermittently, to reduce itching and to treat secondary dermatitis of the vulva. These natural defences may be altered or upset by certain situations:

Other Antifungal Medicines

Topical and oral treatments have similar efficacy. Have had a previous sexually transmitted infection (or your partner has). But in some circumstances, the balance of normal bacteria and fungi in the body changes and the fungus starts to multiply and cause symptoms. Vaginal candidiasis can very rarely cause congenital candidiasis in newborns. How is the diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis made?

In view of the fact that only 34% of self diagnosis and self medication of thrush in women is correct and the rest are incorrect diagnoses, women should consult their doctor before they try to instigate treatment. Vaginal yeast infection overview, this excessive buildup of microscopic fungi can flourish in any moist region—anuses, throats, genitals of both sexes—but most commonly takes root in a woman’s nether regions. It's usually harmless but it can be uncomfortable and keep coming back. Recognising what is 'abnormal', however, is sometimes difficult for women, as vaginal discharge differs in consistency and amount during different phases of the menstrual cycle and different life stages. Sensitivity to fluconazole predicts sensitivity to other oral and topical azoles. Most products used to treat vaginal thrush are ‘pharmacist only’ or ‘prescription only’ medications, so you will need to talk to your pharmacist or doctor to obtain treatment. Here are a few tried and trusted tips you can provide to your customers in order to make this less than comfortable condition a bit more bearable: If you have diabetes, keeping blood sugar levels stable is a way to avoid yeast infections. You may also see them if you continue to get yeast infections before your period every month.


Avoid using perfumed soaps and cleaning products on the vagina. You should see your GP if you have thrush symptoms: Intravaginal creams are applied inside your vagina.

Cranberry juice and yoghurt are two foods that taken regularly may help prevent thrush occurring. Don't take leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine. A test to see how acidic the vagina is (a pH test). Accurate diagnosis of the condition requires a laboratory test of the vaginal discharge. The most common microorganisms associated with abnormal vaginal discharge are: And if you do treat yourself, see a doctor or nurse if the symptoms do not clear after treatment. If needed, your doctor might order a vaginal fluid test.

How To Treat Vaginal Thrush

There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. If symptoms are reoccurring or if treatment has not previously been successful, it is best to refer to the pharmacist who can in turn refer the customer back to their Doctor to discuss further available options. See you GP if you notice any of these symptoms. Symptoms may last just a few hours or persist for days, weeks, or rarely, months, and can be aggravated by sexual intercourse.

If you buy a testing kit make sure you get advice from a pharmacist or your doctor. These plant-based products can be powerful, but so far, no research has shown that essential oils work better for yeast infections than conventional methods. The yeast can only be cultured when a certain amount is present (a false-negative result). Refer to the ‘Vulval Conditions’ fact sheet for more information on these conditions. How is vaginal thrush diagnosed? Don’t use highly perfumed soap, bubble bath, genital sprays and deodorants. The following treatments are typically recommended:

  • Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections.
  • Even if you choose one of these external methods, it’s a good idea to take a good oral probiotic alongside.
  • Newer formulations include butoconazole and terconazole creams.
  • Confirm with your doctor that your symptoms are indeed caused by a yeast infection before trying out essential oils as treatment.
  • A sample of discharge is taken from the vagina and analysed in a lab.
  • When you are pregnant.
  • The definition of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis is accepted as four or more documented episodes per year.


It is associated with vulvitis (inflammation of vulva) and vaginitis (inflammation of vagina). This perhaps reflects the lack of confidence in available guidelines, based on the above study. We all have millions of germs living inside us all the time. Prescription oral antifungal medications are also used to treat vaginal thrush. It is uncommon before her first menstrual cycle and after menopause (when periods cease), so hormones are likely implicated. Is it safe?, are you sick and tired of struggling with odors, burning, itchy, unbalanced discharge, chronic recurring vaginal conditions, vaginitis, bacterial vaginosis, bv, Gardnerella vaginalis, acidic vaginal fluid, dryness, or any other vaginal health condition? What probiotics do is increase the growth of ‘healthy’ bacteria in the body, which is known as flora.

Testing And Treatment

If your immune system has been weakened by something like chemotherapy, you may be more susceptible to vaginal yeast infections. Sores can also be a sign of genital herpes. Yeast infection in babies While yeast infections are commonly associated with vaginal infections, babies can also get them. You should see a doctor if: There are a variety of effective treatments for candidiasis.

You may need a longer course of treatment if your vaginal thrush is difficult to treat or keeps coming back. Women can contact the Women's Health Information Line on (07) 3216 0376 or 1800 017 676 (toll free from outside Brisbane) for further information on where to access sexual health checks, vaginal health checks and Pap smears in Queensland. It’s caused by a change in the natural balance of the body’s bacteria which may give you an itchy or burning feeling. How can I prevent myself from getting thrush again? Trichomoniasis is also associated with preterm delivery and low birth weight in pregnant women (32,35,36,37). If you have thrush four times in one year, you may have chronic thrush.

But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells can multiply.

Vaginal thrush should clear up within a week of completing treatment. If properly treated, the majority of vaginal yeast infections are gone within two weeks. A doctor may be able to prescribe creams to relieve the pain. Uncomplicated thrush occurs sporadically in healthy women and is mild and caused by C. Expected turnaround time, always consult with a trusted healthcare provider before implementing significant dietary change. Just so you know, thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection. This is the basis of the over-the-counter test for thrush. These bacteria kill harmful organisms in the vagina and keep you healthy. If symptoms do occur in women, they can include:

Try not to spend prolonged periods of time in a wet bathing suit.