Vaginal yeast infection: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Who is at risk for yeast infections? Recurrent vaginal yeast infections tend to involve non– C. Usually, Candida does not cause symptoms, but some antibiotics may alter the normal growth of bacteria and lead to Candida overgrowth in the vagina. Stock up on probiotic-rich yogurt or kefir, as well as raw garlic, a potent antifungal agent. According to current estimates, 8% of females have recurring Candida infections, and around 5% have four or more yeast infections in a year. But while this ingredient in many popular cold medications does a solid job of dehydrating your nasal passages, it also removes moisture from the vaginal area as well, says Dr. Antibiotics increase the risk for yeast infections, but it is unclear why. If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control.

Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. Medicines are available as: While yeast infections can happen to anyone at any age, there are certain risk factors that can increase your chances.

  • The time in a woman’s life when menstruation stops; defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year.
  • In light of these risk factors, it is possible to take steps to prevent yeast infections.
  • Complicated thrush is four or more episodes of thrush in a year or when severe symptoms of vulvovaginal inflammation are experienced.

See your dentist for regular checkups. To correct this imbalance, Dowd echoes Dr. Damp or tight-fitting clothing can create an ideal environment for yeast to overgrow. A yeast infection is usually not spread by sex. If you're taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill the "good" bacteria that normally keep the Candida in check. Eat unsweetened yogurt with live bacterial culture (Lactobacillus acidophilus). There have been reports of anaphylaxis in one person following IV administration of the prebiotic inulin, and in another person who consumed large amounts of inulin from multiple sources.

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The heat generated from some laptops can cause you to perspire while it rests on your lap and damp areas are ideal environments for the overgrowth of yeast. Powell said, tetracyclines, typically used to treat acne, UTIs, STIs, etc. For example, when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics (taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection) or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis). Candida antigens can be presented to antigen-presenting cells, which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema.

These infections are very common. Has anyone prone to yeast infections been able to protect themselves while taking antibiotics? It may take 10-14 days to find relief or completely clear up the infection while you are pregnant. And, if your doctor prescribes an antibiotic, be sure to ask about prevention and treatment options, such as Diflucan and Monistat. You are sexually active. If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Have you wondered about your chances of getting a fungal infection? All of these help to feed yeasts.

He or she may do some tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes. 2020 Feb;130(2S Suppl): Women who have trichomoniasis are at an increased risk of infection with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). She received her Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) from the University of Tennessee in 2020.

Wearing tight-fitting, nonabsorbent pants or undergarments that hold in warmth and moisture.

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You can also eat yogurt or other dairy products with live acidophilus cultures. Atrophic vaginitis is not caused by an infection but can cause vaginal discharge and irritation, such as dryness, itching, and burning. The most common yeast infection occurs during the time when a patient is taking antibiotics to cure other diseases. However, pregnant women should avoid boric acid. The reason that the use of antibiotics can lead to an increased risk of yeast infections is that antibiotics tend to kill the "good" and protective bacteria along with the "bad" bacteria. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. While search results show many are looking online for yeast infection home remedies, experts say the data doesn’t support the hope and hype.

What causes a vaginal yeast infection? These include eating a well-balanced diet that includes yoghurt and probiotics containing lactobacillus. The main symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. OTC and prescription medications include: Vaginal yeast infections are fungal infections of the vagina. This is called “thrush” and is effectively treated with Nystatin. Even if you have had a yeast infection before, it may be a good idea to call your health care professional before using an over-the-counter medication to treat your symptoms.

They have shown such promise in fighting yeast infections in both the vagina and mouth that some doctors recommend taking them whenever you start a course of antibiotics that may make you vulnerable to yeast infections. Yeast infections are common during pregnancy. Do all antibiotics cause yeast infections? “Include probiotic foods such as as kimchi and sauerkraut as well as prebiotic foods such as garlic, onion, leeks, asparagus, and Jerusalem artichoke,” she adds.

What Is It?

Without enough Lactobacillus, your vagina becomes less acidic, making it an ideal environment for yeast. If you see no improvement within three days, or if symptoms worsen or come back after treatment, you should contact your healthcare provider again. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Avoid using douches and other chemicals, such as bubble bath or hygiene spray, in the vaginal area unless recommended by your healthcare provider. They treat dangerous bacterial infections, and the benefits far outweigh the risks. Also, over-the-counter medicine should not be used by anyone younger than 12 or girls who might be pregnant without talking to a doctor first.

Never (ever!) Douche

They can cause redness and irritation on your penis or scrotum. When your population of Gardnerella overpowers that of Lactobacilli, it disrupts the acid-base balance in the vagina and the pH becomes basic. Some people who take more than 1-2 billion active cultures per day experience mild GI upset (thus the suggestion to start with a lower dosage and increase after a week or so). Douching, another home remedy some women try to address yeast infections, is also discouraged along with other vaginal cleanses. Synthetic stuff like nylon and blended materials cling to your body too closely, making you a prime target for infection. Lose weight if you are overweight.


These items can change the normal balance of organisms in your vagina. Antibiotics can change the normal balance of vaginal organisms, allowing excess growth of yeast. Risk factors for yeast infections include:

When should I make an appointment to see my provider?

Don’t increase how much you take or how often you take it without talking to your healthcare provider first. Do not rub to try to relieve itching. Using nonprescription medicine When using a nonprescription vaginal medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, follow the directions on the package insert, as well as these guidelines:

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Most often, an overgrowth of Candida is the reason behind a yeast infection. Family medicine doctors. The vagina always has low levels of yeast, but it's suggested that broad-spectrum antibiotics - those that target a variety of different bacteria because doctors aren't positive about which might be causing an infection - will kill the good bacteria in the vagina. I want to start taking antibiotics (doxycycline) to treat my acne. For six months, the women ate a daily 250-millilitre (8-ounce) serving of yogurt with the active culture Lactobacillus acidophilus.

This should help to prevent an overgrowth of yeast while taking antibiotics. Ask your doctor if there’s anything else that might help before starting antibiotics. Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance, which allows the yeast to overgrow causing an uncomfortable, but not serious, a condition called a yeast infection.

Certain medical conditions like diabetes and having a compromised immune system (whether due to medication or conditions like HIV), raise a woman’s risk of developing a yeast infection. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies. A number of ways to prevent yeast infections are discussed here, as well as information on treating both acute and chronic yeast infections. And, if you're taking any medication that might interfere, ask your doctor first.

  • It is a fungus that lives almost everywhere, including in your body.
  • Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy.
  • Of course, you should speak with your OBGYN before you just decide to make the switch on your own — they'll have more specific insight into the unique functionings of your body.
  • Most of the time, that means doing absolutely nothing.
  • Failure to finish an antibiotic prescription can cause something called antibiotic resistance.

Probiotics Are Likely Helpful in Fighting Yeast Infections

Especially if you are prone to getting yeast infections. Eating yogurt with Lactobacillus acidophilus or taking probiotics with this "good" bacteria will help to replenish the vagina with protective bacteria species and will help keep the balance of organisms in the vagina in check, thus hopefully preventing a yeast infection. Some state that 1 dose of Diflucan does not cut it, and that they usually need 2. Chemicals (creams, gels, foams) that inactivate sperm.

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Change out of your swimsuit immediately after you're done in the sauna or swimming pool to avoid moist genitals. VVC is a common cause of vaginitis; Candida albicans accounts for 85% to 90% of cases. It may take up to two weeks for the treatment to work, and your doctor may also prescribe the same treatment for your partner to prevent re-infection. Sweaty, moist underwear can lead to that environment that makes yeast grow. Address dry mouth to prevent plaque formation and yeast growth. Avoid frequent or prolonged use of oral antibiotics, if possible.

Normally, a small number of yeast fungus cells live in your vagina, along with other helpful bacteria.

I have been trying many, many routes to treat my acne, and I would now like to try doxycycline. Estrogen in birth control pills can lead to yeast overgrowth. If you have tried nonprescription suppositories or cream and they have not worked for you, your provider may prescribe a medicine that is taken by mouth. But if after having sex you develop a yeast infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other things are also involved. Red, irritated skin around the opening to the vagina (labia). This condition may occur any time when female hormone levels are low, such as during breastfeeding and after menopause. 10 The study was stopped early because there was no effect seen.

Both also mentioned diabetes as another risk factor.

Antibiotics might clear up an infection, but they can disrupt the beneficial bacteria in your system, leaving you feeling a little off in unexpected places. Avoid using douches, perfumed soaps, feminine sprays, feminine hygiene deodorants, or scented pads or tampons, and don't take bubble baths. Probiotic supplements, yogurt consumption and staying away from sugary items and not wearing tight fitting clothes that can trap moisture are some of the steps that can prevent Candida infections.